Early lifeMurphy was born in Brooklyn, New York City and raised in the borough's Bushwick, Brooklyn, Bushwick neighborhood. His mother, Lillian (Laney), was a Switchboard operator, telephone operator, and his father, Charles Edward Murphy (1940–1969), was a transit police officer and an amateur actor and comedian.Stated in interview on ''Inside the Actors Studio'' His father died in 1969. He later stated: When Murphy's single mother became ill, the eight-year-old Murphy and his elder brother Charlie Murphy, Charlie lived in foster care for one year. In interviews, Murphy has said his time in foster care was influential in developing his sense of humor. Later, he and his brother were raised in Roosevelt, New York, by his mother and stepfather Vernon Lynch, a foreman at an ice cream plant.
1976–1980: Early standup careerWhen Murphy was 15 he listened to Richard Pryor's comedy album ''That Nigger's Crazy'', which inspired his decision to become a comedian.Edgers, Geoff (October 13, 2015)
1980–1989: Acting stardomIn the early 1980s, Murphy first earned national attention as a cast member on '' Saturday Night Live'' (SNL) and was credited with helping to revitalize the show. His characters included a grown-up version of the ''Little Rascals'' character Billie Thomas, Buckwheat; a streetwise children's show host named Mr. Robinson (parodying Fred Rogers, who found it amusing); and a morose, cynical ''Gumby'', whose trademark slogan became an SNL catchphrase: "I'm Gumby, dammit!" The Buckwheat character was retired in spectacular fashion—assassinated, on camera, in front of 30 Rockefeller Plaza—at Murphy's request, after he grew tired of constant demands from fans to "Do Buckwheat! Do Buckwheat!" In ''Rolling Stone''s February 2015 appraisal of all 141 SNL cast members to date, Murphy was ranked second (behind John Belushi). "It is customary (and accurate) to say that Eddie Murphy is the only reason SNL survived the five-year wilderness without Lorne Michaels", the magazine noted. Murphy's early comedy was characterized by copious profanity and sketches lampooning a diverse group of people (including White Anglo-Saxon Protestants (WASPs), African-Americans, Italian-Americans, overweight people, and gay people). He released two stand-up specials. ''Eddie Murphy Delirious, Delirious'' was filmed in 1983 in Washington, D.C. Due to the popularity of ''Delirious'', his concert film ''Eddie Murphy Raw'' (1987) received a wide theatrical release, grossing $50 million; the movie was filmed in the The Theater at Madison Square Garden, Felt Forum section of Madison Square Garden in New York City. Comedians who cite Murphy as influencing them include Russell Brand, Dave Chappelle, and Chris Rock. In 1982, Murphy made his big screen debut in the film '' 48 Hrs.'' with Nick Nolte. ''48 Hrs.'' proved to be a hit when it was released in the Christmas season of 1982. Nolte was scheduled to host the December 11, 1982, Christmas episode of ''Saturday Night Live'', but became too ill to host, so Murphy took over. He became the only cast member to host while still a regular. Murphy opened the show with the phrase, "Live from New York, It's the Eddie Murphy Show!" The following year, Murphy starred in '' Trading Places'' with fellow ''SNL'' alumnus Dan Aykroyd. The movie marked the first of Murphy's collaborations with director John Landis, who also directed Murphy in ''Coming to America'' (1988) and ''Beverly Hills Cop III'' (1994). ''Trading Places'' was an even greater box office success than ''48 Hrs.'' Murphy appeared in ''Best Defense'' (1984), co-starring Dudley Moore. Murphy, who was credited as a "Strategic Guest Star", was added to the film after an original version was completed but tested poorly with audiences. ''Best Defense'' was a major financial and critical disappointment. When he hosted ''SNL'', Murphy joined the chorus of those bashing ''Best Defense'', calling it "the worst movie in the history of everything". Murphy starred in the successful action comedy film ''Beverly Hills Cop'' (1984). The film was Murphy's first solo leading role. ''Beverly Hills Cop'' grossed over $230 million at the U.S. box office, becoming the highest-grossing film released in 1984, the highest-grossing comedy of all time, and the highest-grossing "R"-rated film of all time; , it was 46th in the list of all-time U.S. box office grossers after adjusting for inflation (third-highest amongst "R"-rated films). Murphy was offered a part in ''Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home'' (1986), a role that, after being heavily re-written from comic relief to love interest, ultimately went to Catherine Hicks. By this time, Murphy's near-exclusive contract with Paramount Pictures rivaled ''Star Trek'' as Paramount's most lucrative franchise. Murphy starred in the Supernatural fiction, supernatural comedy ''The Golden Child'' (1986). Although ''The Golden Child'' performed well at the box office, the movie was not as well received as ''48 Hrs.'', ''Trading Places'', and ''Beverly Hills Cop''. ''The Golden Child'' was considered a change of pace for Murphy because of the supernatural setting as opposed to the "street smart" settings of his previous efforts. Not long afterward, he reprised his role of Axel Foley in the Tony Scott-directed ''Beverly Hills Cop II'' (1987). It was a box-office success, grossing almost $300 million worldwide. By the end of the decade, Murphy was Hollywood's biggest box office star.
1989–1998: Commercial decline and reboundFrom 1989 onwards, critical praise for Murphy's films declined, hitting a low point with the critically-panned ''Beverly Hills Cop III'' (1994), a movie Murphy would ultimately denounce during an appearance on ''Inside the Actors Studio''. Box-office receipts also declined compared to his previous films, although he did find box office success with ''Another 48 Hrs.'' (1990) and ''Boomerang (1992 film), Boomerang'' (1992). On ''Harlem Nights'' (1989), Murphy worked as director, producer, star, and co-writer, with his brother, Charlie Murphy. The film featured Murphy's comic idols Richard Pryor and Redd Foxx in supporting roles. During this period, Murphy was criticized by filmmaker Spike Lee for not using his status to help black actors break into film, although as Murphy's prominence increased, his films (especially those he produced) often had a mainly black cast (''Coming to America'', ''Harlem Nights'', ''Boomerang'', ''Vampire in Brooklyn'', ''Life (1999 film), Life''). Many black actors who would later receive greater recognition made early appearances in Murphy's films, such as Damon Wayans in ''Beverly Hills Cop'', Halle Berry and Martin Lawrence in ''Boomerang'', Samuel L. Jackson and Cuba Gooding Jr. in ''Coming to America'', Dave Chappelle in '' The Nutty Professor'', and Chris Rock in ''Beverly Hills Cop II''. Naming ''The Nutty Professor'' his favorite comedy, Chris Rock regards Murphy's performance in the film as being so great he had "been robbed of an Oscar", adding his various performances were "Peter Sellers-esque". Although Murphy has enjoyed commercial success since ''Saturday Night Live'', he did not participate in the making of the ''Live from New York: An Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live'' retrospective book by Tom Shales and James Andrew Miller (2002), nor did he ever attend cast reunions or anniversary specials until his appearance on the Saturday Night Live 40th Anniversary Special, ''SNL'' 40th anniversary special. Murphy told ''Rolling Stone'' he distanced himself from the show because he was angry with David Spade over the latter's joke about Murphy's career during a segment on ''SNL'', as well as with Lorne Michaels and the production staff for allowing the joke in the first place. Murphy and Spade have since reconciled. Murphy's box office results began to recover in 1996, starting with ''The Nutty Professor''. In May 1997, Murphy was stopped by police a year before the release of ''Dr. Dolittle (1998 film), Dr. Dolittle'', causing him a number of public relations problems.
1998–2011: Family-friendly filmsMurphy followed with a series of successful family-friendly movies like ''Mulan (1998 film), Mulan'' (1998), ''Dr. Dolittle'' (also 1998) and Dr. Dolittle 2, its 2001 sequel, the ''Shrek (franchise), Shrek'' series, ''Daddy Day Care'' (2003), and ''The Haunted Mansion (film), The Haunted Mansion'' (also 2003), along with ''Nutty Professor II: The Klumps'' (2000). However, most of his movies meant for more adult audiences performed moderately; ''Metro (1997 film), Metro'' (1997), ''I Spy (film), I Spy'' (2002), and ''Showtime (film), Showtime'' (2002) all grossed less than $40 million domestically, ''Holy Man'' (1998) performed poorly, grossing less than $13 million, and ''The Adventures of Pluto Nash'' (2002) is on record as one of the biggest theatrical money-losers of all time, grossing just $7 million worldwide on a reported $110 million budget. An exception to this run of poorly received adult-themed films was the Frank Oz comedy ''Bowfinger'' (1999), also starring Steve Martin. The film garnered generally positive critical reviews and grossed $98 million at the box-office. Murphy starred in the motion picture version of the Broadway musical '' '' (2006) as soul singer James "Thunder" Early. Murphy won a Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor, as well as a Screen Actors Guild Award and a Broadcast Film Critics Association Award in that category. Several reviews for the film highlighted Murphy's performance while he received some pre-release Academy Awards buzz. Murphy was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor on January 23, 2007, but lost to Alan Arkin for his performance in ''Little Miss Sunshine''—it was speculated that one of the reasons Murphy lost out on winning the Academy Award was the negative reviews of his subsequent film ''Norbit'', released in early February 2007. Murphy notoriously exited the 79th Academy Awards as soon as Arkin was announced the winner. ''Dreamgirls'' was the first film distributed by Paramount Pictures to star Murphy (who once was on an exclusive contract with the studio) since ''Vampire in Brooklyn'' in 1995. In 2007, Murphy was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. As a result of Viacom (2005–present), Viacom's acquisition of DreamWorks Pictures, DreamWorks, Paramount distributed his other 2007 releases: ''Norbit'' and ''Shrek the Third''. He starred in the films ''Meet Dave'' (2008) and ''Imagine That (film), Imagine That'' (2009) for Paramount Pictures.
2011–present: Return to adult-oriented filmsMurphy co-starred in ''Tower Heist'' (2011), directed by Brett Ratner, alongside Ben Stiller, Matthew Broderick, and Casey Affleck. Murphy played a thief who joins a group of hardworking men who find out they have fallen victim to a wealthy businessman's Ponzi scheme, and conspire to rob his high-rise residence. It was reported in 2011 that Murphy would host the 84th Academy Awards in 2012. However, he dropped out of his hosting duties on November 9, 2011, in the wake of the Brett Ratner#84th Academy Awards, Brett Ratner scandal. On March 8, 2014, it was announced that Murphy would team up with ''Boomerang (1992 film), Boomerang'' co-star Halle Berry in a new film titled ''Miles and Me''. The film was also set to star Laurence Fishburne and was set to begin pre-production in 2014 from Paramount Pictures. No other word was released about or who else was attached. On March 15, 2015, it was announced that Murphy would play comedian Richard Pryor's father, LeRoy Pryor, in the upcoming biopic directed by Lee Daniels with Mike Epps playing Pryor; as of 2019, the project remains in development hell. In February 2015, Murphy attended ''Saturday Night Live 40th Anniversary Special'' where Chris Rock introduced him in a special tribute dedicated to him. Murphy was greeted with an enthusiastic standing ovation from the crowd of comedians and stars, however he received criticism for his brief appearance, declining to tell any jokes, and for not reprising his iconic ''SNL'' characters. On October 15, 2015, Murphy was awarded the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. Those who honored Murphy at the event included Dave Chappelle, Chris Rock, Trevor Noah, George Lopez, Kevin Nealon, Kathy Griffin, Tracy Morgan, Joe Piscopo, Jay Pharoah and Dick Gregory. Murphy co-starred with actress Britt Robertson in the drama ''Mr. Church'' (2016). In October 2019, Murphy produced and starred in '' Dolemite Is My Name'' as Rudy Ray Moore. The film was distributed on Netflix and received overwhelming critical acclaim. The film holds a 97% on Rotten Tomatoes with the critics consensus reading, "Eddie Murphy makes ''Dolemite Is My Name'' just as bold, brash, and ultimately hard to resist as its subject." For his work, Murphy received a Golden Globe Awards, Golden Globe Award nomination for the film. In Saturday Night Live (season 45), December 2019, Murphy returned to '' Saturday Night Live'' to promote ''Dolemite''; this was his first time hosting since 1984. His hosting duties received overwhelming acclaim from audiences and critics alike, making it the highest watched episode since 2008 when Tina Fey played Sarah Palin. Comedians Dave Chappelle, Chris Rock, Tracy Morgan, and Kenan Thompson welcomed Murphy back in the opening monologue. Murphy went on to reprise his popular ''SNL'' characters such as Recurring Saturday Night Live characters and sketches introduced 1980–81, Mr. Robinson, Gumby, Recurring Saturday Night Live characters and sketches introduced 1981–82, Buckwheat, and Velvet Jones. Murphy won his first ever Primetime Emmy Award for Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series, Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series for hosting the episode. In 2019, it was announced that Murphy and most of the cast will be reprising their roles in the ''Coming to America'' sequel ''Coming 2 America, Coming2 America'', which was released in March 2021. On December 6, 2013, it was announced that Murphy would star in the Beverly Hills Cop 4, fourth film of the ''Beverly Hills Cop'' series. Brett Ratner would direct the film, Jerry Bruckheimer was confirmed to produce the film, and Josh Appelbaum and Andre Nemec would write. In a June 2014 interview, Murphy discussed the plot of the film, saying it would take place in Detroit and they would actually film in Detroit, bringing in an estimated $56.6 million to the state of Michigan. On June 14, 2016, it was confirmed that Murphy was still set to reprise his role as Axel Foley in a fourth film. In December 2019, it was reported that Netflix would distribute the film.
Singing careerMurphy is also a singer, having frequently provided background vocals to songs released by the Bus Boys; the song "(The Boys Are) Back in Town" was featured in '' 48 Hrs.'' and Murphy's comedy special ''Eddie Murphy Delirious''. As a solo artist, Murphy had two hit singles, "Party All the Time" (produced by Rick James) and "Put Your Mouth on Me" during the latter half of the 1980s. He had started singing earlier in his career, with the songs "Boogie in Your Butt" and "Enough Is Enough", the latter being a parody of Barbra Streisand's and Donna Summer's 1979 song, "No More Tears (Enough Is Enough), No More Tears". Both songs appeared on Eddie Murphy (album), his 1982 self-titled comedy album. "Party All the Time" was featured on Murphy's debut album ''How Could It Be'' (1985), which included a minor follow-up R&B hit in the title track, a duet with vocalist Crystal Blake. This track was written by Rusty Hamilton and was produced by Stevie Wonder's cousin Aquil Fudge after a brief falling out with Rick James. In 2004, VH-1 and ''Blender (magazine), Blender'' voted "Party All the Time" number seven among the "50 Worst Songs of All-Time". Sharam Tayebi, Sharam used a Sampling (music), sample of the song for the UK No.8 hit "PATT (Party All the Time)" in 2006. "Put Your Mouth on Me" appeared on Murphy's 1989 follow-up album, ''So Happy''. Murphy recorded the album ''Love's Alright'' in the early 1990s. He performed in a music video of the single "Whatzupwitu", featuring Michael Jackson. He recorded a duet with Shabba Ranks called "I Was a King". In 1992, Murphy appeared in the music video for Michael Jackson's "Remember the Time" alongside Magic Johnson and Iman Abdulmajid, Iman. Though uncredited, Murphy provided vocal work on ''SNL'' castmate Joe Piscopo's comedy single, "The Honeymooners Rap". Piscopo impersonated Jackie Gleason on the single, while Murphy provided an imitation of Art Carney. In ''Coming to America'', he imitated Jackie Wilson when he sang "To Be Loved", but because the character he was playing had a thick accent, he had to sing it in character, he also performed in the same film as the character Randy Watson, a small time club singer, a role he reprised in the 2021 sequel Coming 2 America. Murphy performed several songs in the Shrek (film series), ''Shrek'' film franchise. In the first film, he performed a version of the Monkees' "I'm a Believer" in the film's final scene; in ''Shrek 2'' he performed Ricky Martin's hit "Livin' La Vida Loca" along with co-star Antonio Banderas; Murphy performed "Thank You (Falletin Me Be Mice Elf Again)" for ''Shrek the Third'', once again with Banderas. In 2013, he released his first single in many years titled "Red Light", a reggae song featuring Snoop Dogg. He is also working on a new album titled ''9''.
FamilyMurphy has two sons, Eric (born c. 1989), with then girlfriend Paulette McNeely and Christian (born c. 1990) with then girlfriend Tamara Hood. Murphy began a longtime romantic relationship with Nicole Mitchell after meeting her in 1988 at an NAACP Image Awards show. They lived together for almost two years before getting married at the Grand Ballroom of the Plaza Hotel in New York City on March 18, 1993. Murphy and Mitchell have five children together: Bria, Myles, Shayne, Zola and Bella. In August 2005, Mitchell filed for divorce, citing "irreconcilable differences". The divorce was finalized on April 17, 2006. Following his divorce from Mitchell, in 2006, Murphy began dating former Spice Girls, Spice Girl Mel B, Melanie Brown, who became pregnant and said the child was Murphy's. When questioned about the pregnancy in December 2006, by ''RTL Boulevard'', Murphy told Dutch reporter Matthijs Kleyn, "I don't know whose child that is until it comes out and has a blood test. You shouldn't jump to conclusions, sir". Brown gave birth to a baby girl, Angel Iris Murphy Brown, on Murphy's 46th birthday, April 3, 2007. On June 22, 2007, representatives for Brown announced that a DNA test had confirmed Murphy was the father. Brown had stated in an interview that Murphy has not sought a relationship with Angel, although it was later reported in 2010 that Murphy was getting to know her. Murphy exchanged vows with film producer Tracey Edmonds, former wife of Babyface (musician), Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, on January 1, 2008, in a private ceremony on an island off Bora Bora. On January 16, 2008, the couple released a statement describing the ceremony as a "symbolic union": "After much consideration and discussion, we have jointly decided that we will forgo having a legal ceremony as it is not necessary to define our relationship further" and that they would "remain friends". Murphy bought property on Long Island, New York, later that year. In May 2016, Murphy had a daughter by model Paige Butcher, whom he has been dating since 2012. Murphy and Butcher welcomed a son in November 2018. They were engaged to be married in September 2018. Their son's middle name pays tribute to Murphy's late brother, Charlie, who died from leukemia in 2017.
PhilanthropyMurphy has donated money to the AIDS Healthcare Foundation, as well as cancer, education, Not-for-profit arts organization, creative arts, Welfare state, family support, health, and homeless charities. He has donated to the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site, Martin Luther King, Jr. Center, and $100,000 to the Screen Actors' Guild's strike relief fund.
ReligionMurphy is a baptized Catholic Church, Catholic, and is known to have been practicing during at least some of his career.
Discography*''How Could It Be'' (1985) *''So Happy'' (1989) *''Love's Alright'' (1993)
Awards and nominations
External links* *