Operation Althea, formally the European Union Force Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR), is a military deployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina
to oversee the military implementation of the Dayton Agreement
. It is the successor to NATO
. The transition from SFOR to EUFOR
was largely a change of name and commanders: 80% of the troops remained in place.
It replaced SFOR on 2 December 2004.
Civilian implementation of the Dayton Agreement is enforced by the Office of High Representative
. In 2007, EUFOR had 600 troops from 21 countries, mostly from the member states of the European Union
(EU). There are however, additional troops from other non-EU member states such as Chile
The EUFOR's commander is Major General Alexander Platzer
(all of EUFOR's commanders since 2009 have been Austrians). For this mission, the European Union Military Staff
is using NATO's Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
(SHAPE) as the EU's Operational Headquarters (OHQ) and is working through the Deputy to the Supreme Allied Commander
Europe, a European officer.
The EUFOR assumed all the missions of the SFOR, except for the hunt for individuals indicted by the war crimes tribunal, notably Radovan Karadžić
, former leader of Republika Srpska
, and Ratko Mladić
, their former military leader, which remained a mission for NATO
through NATO Headquarters Sarajevo. The EUFOR does have police duties against organised crime, which is believed to be linked to suspected war criminals. It worked with the European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
(EUPM) and with the Bosnian Police
. The European Union Special Representative
in Bosnia and Herzegovina provides political guidance on military issues with a local political dimension to the EUFOR.
, the total force of EUFOR
are at 600 troops from 19 countries, including EU member states and non-EU "Troop Contributing Countries" (TCC) are present within EUFOR (Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Chile, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, North Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and Turkey).
On 18th December 2020, United Kingdom marked the end of its 16 year contribution to EUFOR, following Brexit.
*Military of the European Union
*European Union rapid reaction mechanism
*Common Security and Defence Policy
Further readingLe Monde (in French)
* Dominik TolksdorThe Difficulties of the European Union in Supporting the Europeanization of Bosnia and Herzegovina
EU Frontier Policy Paper, Budapest: Center for EU Enlargement Studies – Central European University, 2011
Official EUFOR websiteThe Council of the European Union's page on EUFOR-AltheaThe European Union Special Representative (EUSR) for Bosnia and Herzegovinathe European Commission's Delegation to Bosnia & Herzegovina
Category:International law enforcement organizations
Category:Law enforcement in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Category:Bosnia and Herzegovina–European Union relations