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eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan municipality created in 2000, that includes the city of
Durban Durban ( ) ( zu, eThekwini, from meaning 'the bay'), nicknamed ''Durbs'',Ishani ChettyCity nicknames in SA and across the worldArticle on ''news24.com'' from 25 October 2017. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
,
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
and surrounding towns. eThekwini is one of the 11 districts of
KwaZulu-Natal KwaZulu-Natal (, also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden province"; zu, iKwaZulu-Natali; xh, KwaZulu-Natala; af, KwaZoeloe-Natal) is a Provinces of South Africa, province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu people, ...
province of
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
. The majority of its 3,442,361 people speak Zulu. It was formed from seven formerly independent local councils and tribal land.


Etymology

In an 1859 Zulu grammar book, Bishop Colenso asserted that the root word ' means "bay of the sea" and noted that the locative form, ', was used as a proper name for
Durban Durban ( ) ( zu, eThekwini, from meaning 'the bay'), nicknamed ''Durbs'',Ishani ChettyCity nicknames in SA and across the worldArticle on ''news24.com'' from 25 October 2017. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
. An 1895 English-Zulu dictionary translates the base word ' as "bay", "creek", "gulf" or "sinus", while a 1905 Zulu-English dictionary notes that ' is used for
Durban Durban ( ) ( zu, eThekwini, from meaning 'the bay'), nicknamed ''Durbs'',Ishani ChettyCity nicknames in SA and across the worldArticle on ''news24.com'' from 25 October 2017. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
.


Geography

eThekwini is surrounded by: * iLembe (DC29) to the north * the
Indian ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering or 19.8% of the water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and Color of water, ...

Indian ocean
to the east * Ugu (DC21) to the south * Umgungundlovu (DC22) to the west


Main places

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:


Demographics

The following statistics are from the 2011 census.


Gender


Ethnic group


Age


Politics

The municipal council consists of 219 members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. 110 councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in 110 wards, while the remaining 109 are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received.


Election results

In the 2016 Municipal Elections the
African National Congress The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party. It has been the ruling party of History of South Africa (1994–present), post-apartheid South Africa since the election of Nelson Mandela in th ...
(ANC) won a majority of 56.01% of the vote and 126 seats on the council. The second-largest party was the Democratic Alliance (South Africa), Democratic Alliance (DA), which won 26.9% of the vote and 61 seats. The Inkatha Freedom Party, the Economic Freedom Fighters and the African Independent Congress also won notable shares of the vote. The following table shows the detailed results of the election. In a by-election held on 3 October 2018, a ward previously held by a DA councillor was won by the ANC candidate. Council composition was reconfigured as seen below:


See also

*Durban Industry Climate Change Partnership Project (DICCPP) *Municipal Demarcation Board * Mayor of eThekwini


References


External links


eThekwini Online
The official site of Durban, South Africa {{Authority control EThekwini Metropolitan Municipality, Durban Metropolitan Municipalities of South Africa Municipalities of KwaZulu-Natal