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The Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy) is an undersea fibre optic cable system connecting countries in Eastern Africa to the rest of the world. EASSy runs from
Mtunzini Mtunzini /ˈmtunzini/ ( Zulu: ''eMthunzini'', from ''umthunzi'' meaning "a place in the shade") is a small coastal town that is situated almost exactly halfway along KwaZulu-Natal KwaZulu-Natal (, also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden ...
in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
to
Port Sudan Port Sudan ( ar, بور سودان ') is a port city in eastern Sudan, and the capital of the state of Red Sea (state), Red Sea. , it has 489,725 residents. Located on the Red Sea, it is the Republic of Sudan's main seaport. History Port Sudan w ...
in
Sudan Sudan (; ar, السودان, as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan ( ar, جمهورية السودان, link=no, Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the Egypt–Sudan border, nort ...
, with landing points in nine countries and is connected to at least ten landlocked countries — which will no longer have to rely on
satellite Internet access Satellite Internet access is Internet access Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the History ...
to carry voice and data services. EASSy was the highest capacity system serving sub-Saharan Africa until the commissioning of WACS. It has a 2 fibre-pair configuration with a design capacity of more than 10 terabit per second (Tbit/s). It is the first to deliver direct connectivity between east Africa and Europe / North America. It is the only system with built-in resilience end-to-end. EASSy interconnects with multiple international submarine cable networks for onward connectivity to Europe, the Americas, the Middle East and Asia. The project, partially funded by the World Bank, was initiated on January 2003, when a handful of companies investigated its feasibility. The cable entered service on 16 July 2010, with commercial service starting on 30 July 2010.


Project milestones

*MoU signature – December 2003 *Detailed feasibility study – March 2004 *Data gathering meeting – June 2005 *C&MA drafting finalization – March 2006 *Supply contract award – September 2006 *Registration/incorporation of SPV – January 2007 *Construction and maintenance agreement (Shareholders' Agreement) Signature (C&MA) – 12 October 2006 to 12 February 2007 *Financial closure – March 2007 *Supply contract signature – March 2007 *Construction Started – March 2008 *Cable manufacture complete – November 2009 *Marine laying commencing – December 2009 *Construction complete – April 2010 *Live – July 2010


Telecommunications companies of participating nations

*West Indian Ocean Cable Company]
WIOCC
comprising: ** Botswana Fibre Networks, Botswana Fibre Networks (BOFINET) ** DALKOM Somalia ** Djibouti Telecom ** Gilat Satcom Nigeria ** Seychelles Cable System ** Lesotho Communications Authority ** Onatel Burundi ** TMCEL Mozambique ** Telkom Kenya ** Libyan Post Telecommunications & Information Technology Company (LPTIC) ** Liquid Telecom ** Uganda Telecom Limited ** Zantel Tanzania ** TelOne Zimbabwe *MTN Group *Sudatel Sudan *Vodacom *Telkom SA, Telkom South Africa *Botswana Telecommunications Corporation *BT Group *Global Marine Systems *Comores Cables *Telma Madagascar *Etisalat *FT *Mauritius Telecom *Saudi Telecom Company, STC Saudi Arabia *Bharti Airtel *Liquid Telecom *Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited


Cable landing points

The cable landing points are: *
Port Sudan Port Sudan ( ar, بور سودان ') is a port city in eastern Sudan, and the capital of the state of Red Sea (state), Red Sea. , it has 489,725 residents. Located on the Red Sea, it is the Republic of Sudan's main seaport. History Port Sudan w ...
, Sudan * Djibouti * Mogadishu, Somalia * Mombasa, Kenya * Moroni, Comoros, Moroni, Comoros * Dar es Salaam, Tanzania * Toliary, Madagascar * Maputo, Mozambique *
Mtunzini Mtunzini /ˈmtunzini/ ( Zulu: ''eMthunzini'', from ''umthunzi'' meaning "a place in the shade") is a small coastal town that is situated almost exactly halfway along KwaZulu-Natal KwaZulu-Natal (, also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden ...
, South Africa


See also

* ACE (cable system), ACE * LION (cable system), LION * Main One (cable system), Main One * SAT-2 (cable system), SAT-2 * SAT-3/WASC (cable system), SAT-3/WASC * SAFE (cable system), SAFE * SEACOM (African cable system), SEACOM * TEAMS (cable system), TEAMS * WACS * BRICS Cable, BRICS * Australia West Express (AWE)


References


"Eastern Africa submarine cable delayed for one year"
''Sudan Tribune'', February 4, 2006

''The East African Standard'', May 17, 2006

''Infoworld'', June 12, 2006
"Alcatel Wins EASSy Contract"
''IT Web'', July 12, 2006
"Kenya aims for own internet cable"
''BBC News'', September 8, 2006 *


External links


EASSy official websiteWIOCC - largest EASSy investor
{{Submarine communications cables in the Indian Ocean East Africa Southern Africa Internet in Africa Submarine communications cables in the Indian Ocean Wide area networks