Dursley is a market town and civil parish
in southern Gloucestershire
, England, situated almost equidistantly between the cities of Bristol
. It is under the northeast flank of Stinchcombe Hill
, and about southeast of the River Severn
. The town is adjacent to Cam
which, though a village, is a slightly larger community in its own right.
An electoral ward
in the same name exists. The population and area of this ward are identical to that of the parish.
Dursley once had a castle, built by Roger de Berkeley in 1153.
Dursley gained borough
status in 1471 and lost it in 1886. From 1837 to 1851 it was the administrative centre of Dursley Registration District which recorded vital records of people living in the parishes of North Nibley
, Dursley, Cam
. From 1886 until 1974 it was the administrative centre of Dursley Rural District
(RDC). In 1974 the RDC became part of Stroud District
The Grade I listed parish church
of St. James the Great dates from the 13th century. The modern building is largely of 14th and 15th century construction and carries the Tudor coat of arms on the outside below the guttering, indicating that some of its construction was funded by the Tudor royals. The original church spire collapsed in January 1699 during a bell-ringing session, causing casualties. The current belltower, in an imposing Gothic survival
style, was built by Thomas Sumsion of Colerne
The pillared market house, complete with statue of Queen Anne
and bell turret, dates from 1738, when the town's markets attracted farmers and traders from miles around. It is now maintained by the Dursley Town Trust who also look after Jacob's House and the Heritage Centre.
[Dursley Location Information](_blank)
In 1856 a short branch line railway
opened, called the "Dursley Donkey" by locals, linking Dursley and Cam to the Bristol
main line at Coaley
Junction. The branch line was closed in 1968 and Coaley Junction station was also closed at about this time. However, in 1994 a new station called Cam and Dursley
was opened on the main line, 330 yards north of the site of Coaley Junction.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, Dursley was a large-scale manufacturing town, and engines built here by the Lister engine company
were used around the world. That company's successor, Lister Petter
, was based in the town until 2014, though much of the original factory site was acquired in 2000 by the South West Regional Development Agency
and then in 2011 by Stroud District Council
. It is now being developed as a large housing development with some industrial units. The Towers, a large gothic-style house, formerly part of the Lister Petter estate, still overlooks the town and has been converted into flats and a residential care home. The Lister Hall
theatre is named after the company.
Other large factories based in the town included Mawdsley's, an electrical equipment manufacturer; Bymack's, an upholsterers; and the Bailey Newspaper Group, a newspaper printer, all of which have reduced or closed operations in recent years.
Ancient historical sites in the vicinity give evidence of earlier occupation. Uley Bury
is an Iron Age hill fort
dating from around 300BC. The area also has neolithic long barrow
s; one called "Hetty Pegler's Tump
" can be entered. Notable Roman remains exist at Frocester
, West Hill near Uley
and Calcot Manor
Character and amenities
The town sits on the edge of the Cotswolds
escarpment where it drops off towards the Severn Vale
and the River Severn
. It is adjacent with Cam
which, though a village, is a community of double the size. The two communities (combined population about 12,000) share many facilities.
Dursley's main watercourse is the River Ewelme which becomes the River Cam
when it enters Cam. The town is surrounded by woodland and countryside, and the Cotswold Way
long distance trail passes through Dursley town centre.
In March 2010 Sainsbury's
opened a newly built 20,000 sq ft supermarket within walking distance of the town centre.
Other recent arrivals include Lidl (November 2009, in premises on Kingshill Road previously occupied by the Regal Cinema and then Kwik Save) and Iceland (July 2010, replacing Somerfield in the town centre). The Co-op
has operated a smaller store in Rosebery Road since 2002. The town centre also has a number of independent shops and cafes.
A range of markets are held at the Market Place in the centre of the town; a farmers' market is held there on the second Saturday of every month and a craft market on the fourth Saturday of each month. There is an active Transition group in Cam and Dursley (part of the global Transition town
network) which looks after Dursley's Secret Garden, among other projects.
Dursley has a number of licensed premises and the Old Spot pub is regularly voted Gloucestershire 'Pub of the Year'. The pub was named as 2007 CAMRA National Pub of the year
The nearest railway station is at on the Bristol and Gloucester Railway
, with trains operated by Great Western Railway
Around 1496, the Christian writer and martyr William Tyndale
was born near here, probably at Slimbridge
It is claimed that William Shakespeare
may have spent part or all of the eight years between 1582 and 1590, a period of his life of which little is known, in Dursley, possibly working as a school teacher.
invented the Pedersen bicycle
in Dursley in the 19th century.
The writer Peter Currell Brown
wrote the cult classic 1965 surrealist
novel ''Smallcreep's Day
'' while working in Dursley.
Author JK Rowling
, born in nearby Yate
, named the Dursley family
in the ''Harry Potter
'' books after the town.
In ''Richard II
'' there is reference to "the wolds of Gloucestershire", and when Bolingbrook asks how far it is to Berkeley
as "these wild hills and rough uneven ways draw out for miles", the reply given is "there stands the castle beyond that tuft of trees". Many people understand this as a conversation taking place on Stinchcombe Hill overlooking the Vale of Berkeley
and its castle
*Vale Community Hospital
Dursley Chamber of Trade WebsiteDursley Gazette WebsiteDursley Town CouncilDursley Town TrustVale Vision Community Development covering Dursley, Cam and the surrounding villagesCommunity Plan for Cam and Dursley area for 2012 onwardStroud Voices (Dursley filter) - oral history siteDursley local history pages
Category:Market towns in Gloucestershire
Category:Towns in Gloucestershire
Category:Civil parishes in Gloucestershire