HOME
        TheInfoList



The term ''district'', in the context of Indonesia, refers to the third-level administrative subdivision, below regency or city. The local term ''kecamatan'' is used in majority of Indonesian areas, except in Papua, West Papua, and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The term ''distrik'' is used in Papua and West Papua. In Yogyakarta, the term ''kapanewon'' is used for districts within regency, while the term ''kemantren'' is used for districts within city. According to Statistics Indonesia, there are a total of 7,024 districts in Indonesia as of 2014. During the Dutch East Indies and early republic period, the term ''district'' referred to ''kewedanan'', a subdivision of regency, while ''kecamatan'' was translated as ''subdistrict'' ( nl|onderdistrict). Following the abolition of ''kewedanan'', the term ''district'' began to be associated with ''kecamatan'' which has since been directly administered by regency. Mainstream media such as ''The Jakarta Post'', ''Kompas'', and ''Tempo'' use "district" to refer to ''kecamatan''.

Definition

District in Indonesia is the third-level administrative subdivision, below regency or city (second-level) and province (first-level). According to the Act Number 23 of 2014, district is formed by the government of regency or city in order to improve the coordination of governance, public services, and empowerment of urban/rural villages. District head is a career bureaucrat position directly appointed by regent or mayor. The local district term ''kecamatan'' is used in majority of Indonesian areas, with ''camat'' being the head. During the Dutch East Indies and early republic period, the term ''district'' referred to ''kewedanan'', a subdivision of regency. ''Kewedanan'' itself was divided into ''kecamatan'', which was translated as ''subdistrict'' ( nl|onderdistrict). Following the abolition of ''kewedanan'', the term ''district'' began to be associated with ''kecamatan'' which has since been directly administered by regency. In English-language dictionary, ''subdistrict'' means "a division or subdivision of a district", hence the translation of ''kecamatan'' as ''subdistrict'' is no longer precise since the absence of ''kewedanan'' as ''district''. The 1982 publication of Statistics Indonesia (BPS) translated ''kecamatan'' as ''district''. With the release of the Act Number 21 of 2001 concerning the Special Autonomous of Papua Province, the term ''distrik'' was used instead of ''kecamatan'' in the entire Western New Guinea (Papua and West Papua). The difference between the two is merely the naming, with ''kepala distrik'' being the district head. It was later followed in 2019 by another autonomous province, the Special Region of Yogyakarta, where ''kecamatan'' was replaced with ''kapanewon'' and ''kemantren''. Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, the region's governor and the monarch of Yogyakarta Sultanate, issued Gubernatorial Decree Number 25 of 2019, which restored the old naming convention for the region's subdivisions. ''Kapanewon '' (a subdivision of regency) is headed by a ''panewu'', while ''kemantren'' (a subdivision of city), is headed by a ''mantri pamong praja''.

List of districts



References



External links

* {{Districts of Indonesia Districts, Indonesia Districts Districts