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Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,048. Its county seat is Toledo. Cumberland County is part of the CharlestonMattoon, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Cumberland County was created on March 2, 1843, from parts of Coles County. It is named for the National Road (Cumberland Road), which was projected to run through it. File:Cumberland County Illinois 1843.png|Cumberland County at the time of its creation in 1843

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (0.3%) is water.

Climate and weather

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Toledo have ranged from a low of in January to a high of in July, although a record low of was recorded in January 1985 (jobs) and a record high of was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from in January to in June.

Adjacent counties

* Coles County - north * Clark County - east * Jasper County - south * Effingham County - southwest * Shelby County - west

Major highways

* Interstate 57 * Interstate 70 * U.S. Route 40 * U.S. Route 45 * Illinois Route 49 * Illinois Route 121 * 25px Illinois Route 130

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,048 people, 4,377 households, and 3,121 families living in the county. The population density was . There were 4,874 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 30.6% were German, 17.4% were American, 11.7% were Irish, and 11.4% were English. Of the 4,377 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families, and 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 40.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,101 and the median income for a family was $51,729. Males had a median income of $42,157 versus $29,142 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,262. About 8.1% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.


Communities




Cities

* Neoga * Casey (mostly in Clark County)

Villages

* Greenup * Jewett * Montrose (mostly in Effingham County) * Toledo (seat) * Hazel Dell * Walla Walla * Dees

Townships

Cumberland County is divided into eight townships: * Cottonwood * Crooked Creek * Greenup * Neoga * Spring Point * Sumpter * Union * Woodbury

Politics

Although predominantly Democratic in the years before World War I, in the aftermath of which Woodrow Wilson’s policies towards Germany were locally deplored, Cumberland County has since become powerfully Republican. Even in Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1932 and 1936 landslides, he won only small victories, and since then only three Democrats have carried the county. Bill Clinton, who won a plurality in 1992, is the last Democrat to reach forty percent of the county’s vote, and in 2016, the rapid Upland South trend towards overwhelmingly Republican voting caused his wife Hillary to win less than twenty percent of the county’s ballots.

See also

* National Register of Historic Places listings in Cumberland County, Illinois

References

* History of Southern Illinois, George Washington Smith, 1912.
United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles

United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)

United States National Atlas
{{Coord|39.27|-88.24|display=title|type:adm2nd_region:US-IL_source:UScensus1990 Category:1843 establishments in Illinois Category:Populated places established in 1843 Category:Illinois counties Category:Charleston–Mattoon, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area