Chatsworth is a large township
created by the apartheid
government in the 1950s to segregate the Indian
population and create a buffer between the white suburbs to the north and the black townships to the south. Located in the South Durban
basin and roughly bordered by the Umhlatuzana River in the North and Umlaas River in the south, the suburb is made up mainly of Indian and Black people.
In the 1940s, the Pegging Acts
and the Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Act, 1946
were passed. These acts gave the government the right to remove and destroy shacks and small self-made shelters, with the putative intention of improving sanitary conditions. This led to the Group Areas Act
of June 1950 being enforced directly by the Government, in which certain residential areas were designated for Whites, Indians, Coloureds
, and Africans only. Indians were removed from areas such as Mayville, Cato Manor
, Clairwood, Magazine Barracks
, Riverside, Prospect Hall, Duikerfontein, and Sea Cow Lake
. They were forcibly moved into the two townships of Phoenix
, which are situated North of Durban, and Chatsworth in the South.
During the late 1940s and early 1950s, there were advertisements in papers for an exclusively Indian town, Umhlatuzana. This progressed into the greater Chatsworth District in the early 1960s when planning commenced and official movements took place in 1964 to the eleven units: Unit 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, and Unit 11. Modern day Chatsworth is spread over seven municipal wards which all fall roughly in the South Central municipal area. The intentional buffer design of Chatsworth creates today an interesting melting pot of people frequenting Chatsworth's business district which comprises a bustling center, The Chatsworth Center.
* Gandhi Centenary Park
* Chatsworth’s Bangladesh Market (Oldest market in Chatsworth)
* Sri Sri Radha Radhanath Temple (Hare Krishna Temple)
* Lord Hanuman Statue, Shri Vishnu Temple (Tallest in Africa)
* Christian Revival Centre
* Magazine Barracks Temple
* Revival Ministries
* Chatsworth center
* Al Meen Masjid
* Chatsworth Stadium
South Africa's Indian population, culturally has placed an emphasis on education during times when Apartheid Laws prevented intellectual and material development of non-white races, believing only whites were capable of enquiry of the mathematic and scientific fields. As a result of resistance, the Indian population has excelled academically and have produced many academics who are former inhabitants of Chatsworth. Most secondary schools in Chatsworth boast pass rates above 90 per cent for the Matric Examinations despite lacking resources and facilities. Arena Park Secondary School, Apollo Secondary School, Crossmoor Secondary School, Southlands Secondary School and Kharwastan Secondary School regularly produce learners that are placed in the provincial Top 30. Arena Park Secondary School, Crossmoor Secondary School, Southlands Secondary School and Kharwastan Secondary School regularly have matric pass rates of 90% to 100%, with Crossmoor Secondary School and Arena Park Secondary School generally ranking high in the Umlazi district.
Public Secondary Schools
*Apollo Secondary School, Collier Avenue, Umhlatuzana Township
*Arena Park Secondary School, Rose Heights Drive, Arena Park
*Asoka Secondary School, Skyridge Circle, Moorton
*Brindhaven Secondary School, Road No 706, Montford
*Chatsworth Secondary School, Lenny Naidu Drive (Pelican Drive), Bayview
*Crossmoor Secondary School, Golden Poppy Crescent, Crossmoor
*Glenover Secondary School, Glenover Rd, Westcliff
*Kharwastan Secondary School, Iris Avenue, Kharwastan
*Marklands Secondary School, Himalaya Drive, Shallcross
*Meadowlands School of Technology, Road 734, Montford
*Montarena Secondary School, Road 706, Montford
*Newhaven Secondary School, Croftdene Road, Croftdene
*Protea Secondary School, Road 257, Bayview
*Risecliff Secondary School, Blue Jill Crescent, Risecliff
*Shallcross Secondary School, Alpine Drive, Shallcross
*Southlands Secondary School, Havenside Drive, Havenside
*Welbedene Secondary School, Road 749, Montford
*Westcliff Secondary School, Florence Nightingale Drive, Westcliff
*Wingen Heights Secondary School, Wingen Walk, Shallcross
*Witteklip Secondary School, Witteklip Street, Croftdene
*Woodhurst Secondary School, Woodhurst Drive, Woodhurst
Police training Academy
*SAPS Academy Chatsworth.
* Amichand Rajbansi
* Lenny Naidu
* Kiru Naidoo
* Jailoshini Naidoo
* Maeshni Naicker
* Jayan Moodley
Chatsworth Had seen most of its development since 1960- to 1980 due to the group areas act, which segregated people based on race. This saw the construction of the entire town from the ground up.
Major infrastructure includes all the roads, and railways. The M1 Hans Dettman Highway runs through the town from Mobeni in the East to Mariannhill in the West. It serves as the artery of Chatsworth linking all 11 Units and surrounding areas.
Alongside the highway is a railroad operated by PRASA, linking some units of Chatsworth directly to Isipingo, Durban South and the greater Durban CBD.
The most recent private development is the construction of the Ridge Shopping mall, in Shallcross.
Nelson Mandela Community Youth Centre
The development of the Chatsworth Youth Center was initialized by former president, Nelson Mandela, following the death of several teenagers at the Throb Nightclub.
It serves as a multi purpose facility for youth to engage on societal issues.
Indian people in Chatsworth are from various religious groups. Many masjids, temples, and churches are present. One of many famous masjids is Habibia Manzil in Shallcross. As a consequence of its history, Chatsworth still has a predominantly Indian population. It is a center of Indian culture, and holds the Temple of Understanding—a Hindu
temple. Many Indians from Hindi,
backgrounds are present. Such Indian languages are still spoken at home in many instances, with learning classes set up to aid in their development.
This area has developed into a fully fledged post apartheid suburb of the Durban eThekwini Municipality.}
*African Wanderers F.C.
Category:Former Indian townships in South Africa
Category:Populated places in eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality
Category:Townships in KwaZulu-Natal