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A cartouche (also cartouch) is an
oval An oval (from Latin ''ovum'', "egg") is a closed curve in a plane which resembles the outline of an egg. The term is not very specific, but in some areas (projective geometry, technical drawing, etc.) it is given a more precise definition, which ...
or oblong design with a slightly
convex Convex or convexity may refer to: Science and technology * Convex lens, in optics Mathematics * Convex set, containing the whole line segment that joins points ** Convex polygon, a polygon which encloses a convex set of points ** Convex polytope, ...
surface, typically edged with ornamental
scrollwork File:ArabesqueDrawnExamples.jpg, 300px, Examples of one basic form of the scroll, taken from existing monuments. Note the common core element of the heart shaped confronted volutes & stem, highlighted in green. Key: *E: ''Ara Pacis'', sculpture, ...
. It is used to hold a painted or
low-relief Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material. The term ''relief'' is from the Latin verb ''relevo'', to raise. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the impression th ...
design. Since the early 16th century, the cartouche is a scrolling frame device, derived originally from Italian . Such cartouches are characteristically stretched, pierced and scrolling. Another cartouche figures prominently in the 16th-century title page of
Giorgio Vasari Giorgio Vasari (, also , ; 30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, engineer, writer, and historian, best known for his ''Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects'', considered the ideological founda ...
's ''
Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects ''The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects'' ( it, Le vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori, e architettori), also known as ''The Lives'' ( it, Le Vite), is a series of artist biographies written by 16th-century Ital ...
'', framing a minor
vignette Vignette may refer to: * Vignette (entertainment), a sketch in a sketch comedy * Vignette (graphic design), decorative designs in books (originally in the form of leaves and vines) to separate sections or chapters * Vignette (literature), short, im ...
with a pierced and scrolling papery cartouche. The engraved trade card of the London clockmaker Percy Webster shows a vignette of the shop in a scrolling cartouche frame of
Rococo Rococo (, also ), less commonly Roccoco or Late Baroque, is an exceptionally ornamental and theatrical style of architecture, art and decoration which combines asymmetry, scrolling curves, gilding, white and pastel colors, sculpted molding, and ...
design that is composed entirely of scrolling devices.


Gallery

Title Plate, from Livre Nouveau de Fleurs Tres-Util MET DP837400.jpg, alt= A title plate from a French book, Livre Nouveau de Fleurs Tres-Util ,
Baroque The Baroque (, ; ) is a style of architecture, music, dance, painting, sculpture and other arts that flourished in Europe from the early 17th century until the 1740s. In the territories of the Spanish and Portuguese empires including the Iberian ...
cartouche, with
festoon A festoon (from French ''feston'', Italian ''festone'', from a Late Latin ''festo'', originally a festal garland, Latin ''festum'', feast) is a wreath or garland hanging from two points, and in architecture typically a carved ornament depicting ...
s,
cornucopia In classical antiquity, the cornucopia (), from Latin ''cornu'' (horn) and ''copiae'' (abundance), also called the horn of plenty, was a symbol of abundance and nourishment, commonly a large horn-shaped container overflowing with produce, flowers ...
s and mascaron, 1645, the
Metropolitan Museum of Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States. Its permanent collection contains over 2 million works, divided among 17 curatorial departments. The main building at 1000 F ...

Metropolitan Museum of Art
Cartouche Containing an Empty Shield Surmounted by a Lion and Framed by a Lion and a Child MET DP817958.jpg, alt= an empty shield surmounted by a lion and framed by a lion and a child, Lion cartouche
Stefano della Bella Stefano della Bella (17 May 1610 – 12 July 1664) was an Italian draughtsman and printmaker known for etchings of a great variety of subjects, including military and court scenes, landscapes, and lively genre scenes. He left 1052 prints, and severa ...
, 1646, the Metropolitan Museum of Art Cartouche Framed by Ducks and Weeds MET DP817962.jpg, alt=Etching of a cartouche framed by ducks and weeds, Duck cartouche by Stefano della Bella, 1647, the Metropolitan Museum of Art Stefano Della Bella - New Model for a Cartouche - 1972.137.2 - Cleveland Museum of Art.tif, Design of a cartouche, by Stefano della Bella, 1647, the
Cleveland Museum of Art The Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) is an art museum in Cleveland, Ohio, located in the Wade Park District, in the University Circle neighborhood on the city's east side. Internationally renowned for its substantial holdings of Asian and Egyptian art ...
, Ohio Cartouches Nouvellement Inventez par J.B. Toro MET DP311957.jpg,
Etching , who is believed to have been the first to apply the technique to printmaking. '', an etching by Rembrandt (c. 1648). Rembrandt is generally considered the greatest etcher in the history of the medium (as an art in its own right). His most im ...
of a complex cartouche, by Bernard Turreau, 1716, the Metropolitan Museum of Art Frontispiece for 'Figures French and comic' (Figures francoises et comiques) MET DP834139.jpg, Frontispiece for ''Figures françoises et comiques'' by Robert Hecquet, 18th century, the Metropolitan Museum of Art The Forges of Vulcan, from Book of Cartouches MET DP825952.jpg, The Forges of Vulcan, probably by
François Boucher François Boucher ( , ; ; 29 September 1703 – 30 May 1770) was a French painter, draughtsman and etcher, who worked in the Rococo style. Boucher is known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories, ...
, mid-18th century, the Metropolitan Museum of Art Paris - Palais du Louvre - PA00085992 - 518.jpg, Cartouche decorated with horns of plenty, an architectural ornament of the
Louvre The Louvre ( ), or the Louvre Museum ( ), is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France, and is best known for being the home of the ''Mona Lisa''. A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of ...
The pediment above the entrance of Hala Traian from the Calea Călărași, in Bucharest (Romania). There is written MDCCCXCVI (1896).jpg, Cartouche in a pediment of Hala Traian, Bucharest, Romania 15, Strada General Eremia Grigorescu, Bucharest.jpg, Cartouche with a monogram of ZNS, with Renaissance Revival architecture, Neo-Renaissance ornaments, in a Venetian window-like relief, on a house, Bucharest Neo-Renaissance ornaments above a door in the D.A. Sturdza House (Cărturești Verona when the photo was taken), each door having the same thing above them, in Bucharest (Romania).jpg, Neo-Renaissance ornaments above a door: in the center a cartouche, in the D.A. Sturdza House (Cărturești Verona), Bucharest 15, Strada Smârdan, Bucharest (Romania).jpg, Cartouche surrounded by floral
festoon A festoon (from French ''feston'', Italian ''festone'', from a Late Latin ''festo'', originally a festal garland, Latin ''festum'', feast) is a wreath or garland hanging from two points, and in architecture typically a carved ornament depicting ...
s, Bucharest Baroque cartouche-window on Strada Pictor Alexandro Romano, not far from the intersection between Strada Negustori and Strada Mântuleasa, in Bucharest (Romania).jpg, Neo-Baroque cartouche-window with a male mascaron, Bucharest Дверь на 2 этаже.JPG, A cartouche above a Baroque Revival architecture, Neo-Baroque door and a smaller one below, the House of Scientists (Lviv), House of Scientists, Lviv Schiltigheim EgliseProt 06.JPG, Cartouche with angels and clouds, above a door, France Siège CL coin.jpg, Cartouche with a caduceus, on the roof of the Crédit Lyonnais headquarters, Paris


See also

* Tondo (art): round (circular) * Medallion (architecture): round or oval * Architectural sculpture * Cartouche (cartography) * Resist: a technique in ceramics to highlight cartouches, etc.


Footnotes


External links

{{DEFAULTSORT:Cartouche (Design) Ornaments Decorative arts Architectural elements Ornaments (architecture)