Camperdown is a settlement in Umgungundlovu District Municipality
in the KwaZulu-Natal
province of South Africa
some 60km by road north-west of Durban
(20km south-east of Pietermaritzburg
). Laid out in 1865 on the farm Camperdown, named to commemorate the victory of the British navy under Admiral Adam Duncan
over the Dutch fleet under Admiral Jan Willem de Winter
in October 1797.
In the early 1840s, John Vanderplank's ship, the ''Louisa'', arrived in Durban. The ship was named after his fiancée who refused to leave England to live as a married couple in Tasmania
. He planted black wattle
as a windbreak
but they flourished to the point where they were trees rather than shrubs. After the discovery of tannic acid
for use in the tanning
industry, the wattle industry grew. Wattle wood was also later found suitable for pulp and paper manufacturing.
* Erasmus, B.P.J.
(1995). ''Op Pad in Suid-Afrika
''. Jonathan Ball Uitgewers. .
* Rosenthal, Eric
(1967). ''Ensiklopedie van Suidelike Afrika
Category:Populated places established in 1865
Category:Populated places in the Mkhambathini Local Municipality