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The British diaspora in Africa is a population group broadly defined as English-speaking white Africans of mainly (but not only) British descent who live in or come from
Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically and ethnoculturally, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, Af ...
. The majority live in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
and other
Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are common ...
n countries in which English is a primary language, including
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the south-west, Zambia to the north, and Mozambi ...

Zimbabwe
,
Namibia Namibia (, ), officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in Southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and eas ...
,
Kenya Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya ( sw, Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Eastern Africa. At , Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 47.6 million people in the 2019 census, Kenya is the ...
,
Botswana Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana ( tn, Lefatshe la Botswana, label= Setswana; Kalanga: ''Hango yeBotswana''), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African ...
,
Zambia Zambia (), officially the Republic of Zambia (Tonga language (Zambia and Zimbabwe), Tonga: ''Cisi ca Zambia''; Chewa language, Nyanja: ''Dziko la Zambia''), is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central Africa, Central, Southern Africa ...
,
Saint Helena Saint Helena () is a British possession located in the South Atlantic Ocean. It consists of a remote volcanic tropical island lying some 1,950 kilometres (1,210 mi) west of the coast of southwestern Africa, and east of Rio de Janeiro Ri ...
and
Tristan da Cunha Tristan da Cunha (), colloquially Tristan, is a remote group of volcano, volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean. It is the Extreme points of Earth, most remote inhabited archipelago in the world, lying approximately off the coast of Cap ...
. Their
first language A first language, native tongue, native language, or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1), is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period hypothesis, critical period. In so ...
is usually
English
English
. The majority of white Africans who speak English as a first language are of British and Irish descent.


History


Colonialism

Although there were earlier British settlements at ports along the
West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop fri ...
n coast to facilitate the British
Atlantic slave trade The Atlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, or Euro-American slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of various enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas The Americas (also collectively called America) ...
, more permanent British settlement in
Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of it ...

Africa
did not begin in earnest until the end of the eighteenth century, at the
Cape of Good Hope A cape is a sleeveless outer garment, which drapes the wearer's back, arms, and chest, and connects at the neck. History Capes were common in medieval Europe, especially when combined with a Hood (headgear), hood in the Chaperon (headgear), c ...
. British settlement in the Cape gained momentum following the second British occupation of the Dutch Cape Colony in 1806. The government encouraged 1820 Settlers, British settlers in Albany, South Africa, Albany ("Settler Country") in 1820 in order to consolidate the British Cape Colony's eastern frontier during the Xhosa Wars, Cape Frontier Wars against the Xhosa people, Xhosa. The Crown proclaimed Colony of Natal, Natal in southeastern Africa as a Crown colony, British colony in 1843. Following the defeat of the Boers in the Second Boer War in 1902, Britain annexed the Boer Republics of the South African Republic, Transvaal Republic and the Orange Free State. Scottish people, Scottish medical missionary David Livingstone became known for his exploration of the African continent. He is believed to have been the first European to set eyes on Victoria Falls, Zambia, Victoria Falls in 1855. He is a key character in African history, being one of the first well-known Britons to believe his heart was in Africa. In the late nineteenth century, the discovery of gold in the Witwatersrand and diamonds in Kimberley, Northern Cape, Kimberley encouraged further settlement by the British, Australians, Americans and Canadians. The search for mineral resources also drove expansion north. Mining magnate Cecil Rhodes dreamed of a British Africa linked from Cape Town to Cairo. The British South Africa Company, which he founded in 1889, Company rule in Rhodesia, controlled the territory named Rhodesia (name), Rhodesia after him; this later became known as Southern Rhodesia, (Southern) Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia (now combined as
Zambia Zambia (), officially the Republic of Zambia (Tonga language (Zambia and Zimbabwe), Tonga: ''Cisi ca Zambia''; Chewa language, Nyanja: ''Dziko la Zambia''), is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central Africa, Central, Southern Africa ...
). Simultaneously, British settlers began expansion into the fertile uplands (the "White Highlands") of East Africa Protectorate, British East Africa (now
Kenya Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya ( sw, Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Eastern Africa. At , Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 47.6 million people in the 2019 census, Kenya is the ...
). As a result of the rise of nationalist and anti-colonial movements throughout the British Empire, in the aftermath of World War II decolonization of Africa, decolonisation of Africa took place. Ethnic Africans were overwhelmingly the majority of population in the British colonies and protectorates and had long been denied equivalent political and economic power. These former colonies eventually became Self-governance, self-governing. The Cold War powers entered into the conflicts in this period. Often aided by Soviet Union, Soviet expertise and weapons, Black nationalism, black nationalist Guerrilla warfare, guerrilla forces such as the Mau Mau Uprising, Mau Mau in Kenya, Zimbabwe African National Union, ZANU in Rhodesia and Umkhonto we Sizwe, MK in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
fought for majority rule, which normally meant "one man, one vote".


Zimbabwe

The ruling white minority in Southern Rhodesia Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, unilaterally declared independence (UDI) as Rhodesia in 1965 but no provisions were made to incorporate the majority of sub-Saharan Africans as political equals. Rhodesian Bush War, Civil war lasted until 1979, as black nationalists. In 1980, the Southern Rhodesian general election, 1980, first democratic general election was held in what was now independence, independent
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the south-west, Zambia to the north, and Mozambi ...

Zimbabwe
and the country joined the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth. Subsequently, the country's white population declined sharply – thousands were intimidated, attacked, and driven off their property. Because of patterns of discrimination, whites had held the majority of property previously occupied by indigenous groups. Charged with abusing human rights and undermining democracy, President Robert Mugabe and other Zimbabwean individuals and entities were subjected to a wide range of economic and political sanctions by the United States and other western nations. In 2002 Zimbabwe was suspended from the Commonwealth due to Human rights in Zimbabwe, human rights abuses and electoral fraud. In 2003, Zimbabwe voluntarily terminated its Commonwealth membership. Northern Rhodesia became a separate nation, Zambia.


South Africa


White minority rule

In 1910 four separate British colonies in Southern Africa united to form the Union of South Africa, which was governed as a constitutional monarchy within the British Empire under Dominant minority, white minority rule. In 1926 the Balfour Declaration of 1926, Balfour Declaration ended the oversight from Britain, leading South Africa to become a founding member of the Commonwealth of Nations, as a Commonwealth realm, realm. Five years later, the Act of the Statute of Westminster 1931, Statute of Westminster formalized this full sovereignty. The majority of the British diaspora supported the United Party (South Africa), United Party, led by J. B. M. Hertzog and Jan Smuts, while it was the ruling party between 1934 and 1948, and its various successors up to the Democratic Party (South Africa), Democratic Party, the predecessor of the Democratic Alliance (South Africa), Democratic Alliance. The United Party favoured close relations with the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, unlike the National Party (South Africa), Nationalists. Many of the latter, such as B. J. Vorster, John Vorster, supported Nazi Germany during the World War II, Second World War. The ethnic Afrikaners, who ruled the country from 1948 until 1994, entrenched a system of racial segregation known as Apartheid in South Africa, apartheid, established a republic, and withdrew from the Commonwealth. In 1955, 33,000 Dutch (34, 8%) Germans (33, 7%) French (13, 2%) People of colour (7%) British (5, 2%) Unknown origin (3, 5%) Other Europeans (2, 6%) in Natal Province, Natal, which had an South African English, English-speaking majority of white voters, signed the Ulster Covenant#Natal Covenant, Natal Covenant against the establishment of a republic. Many of the British diaspora voted "No" in the South African republic referendum, 1960, 1960 referendum of white voters, but it was approved by a narrow margin and resulted in the establishment of a republic. The Natal majority voted against the republic and some residents called for secession from the Union after the referendum.


Democracy

In 1994 South Africa held its South African general election, 1994, first universal democratic general election, marking the end of apartheid and white minority rule, and rejoined the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth. The majority of the British diaspora support the Democratic Alliance (South Africa), Democratic Alliance, which is the official opposition to the ruling African National Congress and an increasingly multiracial party. The British diaspora population has declined since the early 1990s as a result of a low birth rate relative to that of other population groups and emigration. Reasons for emigration include Crime in South Africa, crime, Corruption in South Africa, corruption, poor service delivery and Affirmative action#South Africa, affirmative action. A crude estimate of the British diaspora population is the number of white South Africans who speak English as a first language, representing 1.6 million people, 36% of the white population group and 3% of the total population in the South African National Census of 2011. This number is an overstatement as it includes people of other ancestral origins who have Cultural assimilation, assimilated into the white English-speaking population. The English-speaking population is largest in the KwaZulu-Natal province and in cities such as Johannesburg and Cape Town. Despite the high emigration rate, many people of British descent continue to settle in South Africa, including many South African-born people who have returned home since the late 1990s, especially after the Great Recession, 2008 global economic crisis. South Africa has been a top destination for British retirees, and many White people in Zimbabwe, white Zimbabweans of British descent have settled in South Africa since Zimbabwe's independence, some as a result of forced removal from their property. Over 200,000 British nationality law, British citizens live in South Africa, including more than 38,000 who are being paid a UK State Pension, state pension.


Global presence

A significant number of the British diaspora in Africa have emigrated to other Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth states such as the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. Others have settled in countries such as the United States, the Republic of Ireland, and France. A large number of young people are also taking advantage of working holiday visas made available by the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth states.


Culture

White Africans, including the British diaspora, generally enjoy an outdoor lifestyle and sports. The ''Regional variations of barbecue#South Africa, braai'' is a popular way to gather with friends and family. Other popular pastimes include: visiting game reserves, hiking, camping and recreational angling. There is a particular appreciation of country life and farming. Farmers themselves generally prefer holiday houses at the coast. In other ways, the culture of the British diaspora derives from their British ancestry. Afternoon tea – in fact, tea at any time of day – is still widespread as are hobbies such as gardening and reading. Families who live in the country are usually familiar with horseriding and shooting. White South African culture was encapsulated in the 1970s Chevrolet radio jingle "Braaivleis, rugby, sunny skies and Chevrolet" based on the United States slogan "Baseball, hot dogs, apple pie and Chevrolet". Although nationwide television in South Africa was only introduced in 1976, many older South Africans of British descent had little exposure to British television and humour as a result of an Equity (trade union), Equity union ban on British television programme sales to South Africa during apartheid.


Language

Many White Africans speak a unique dialect of English, developed by interaction with other local languages. South African English is influenced by Afrikaans and the Bantu languages. The considerable Afrikaans influence can be seen from words such as ''braai'', ''trek'', ''lekker'' and ''ja'' in common usage. Some Zulu language, Zulu and Xhosa language, Xhosa words, such as ''millipede, shongololo'', ''muti'', ''Ubuntu (philosophy), ubuntu'' and ''fundi'' (meaning an "expert"), are also commonly used. Although South African slang is used by many younger South Africans, it would be unusual to hear it used amongst older people. The common greeting "howzit!" comes from the Afrikaans ''hoezit!'' (or "how is it?"); it can be likened to the US "howdy", the Australian "g'day", the Irish "howya?" or the recent British "all right?". Zimbabwean English (ZimEng) shares many similarities with southern hemisphere English dialects (Australian, New Zealand, South African) yet is distinct from its closest relative, South African English. Traditionally Zimbabwean English was predominately influenced by British English, with the minor influence of Afrikaans (compared to South Africa) and African languages, generally used to describe flora and fauna, with terms such as kopje, dassie and bundu (Shona for bush). This dialect came to be known as ''Rhodesian English'', typified by speakers such as Ian Douglas Smith, Ian Smith and P.K. van der Byl. After Zimbabwean independence from the UK in 1980, this dialect sharply fell out of favour and came to be regarded as an archaic, non-productive dialect, only spoken by the oldest generation of White Zimbabweans and nostalgic Rhodie, Rhodies and whenwe, whenwes. Zimbabwean English evolved with the changing social, economic and political conditions in which Blacks and Whites interacted in Zimbabwe; with the old, conservative Rhodesian accent being effectively replaced by the more neutral and prestigious sounding ''cultivated'' private school accent, which ironically retains some of its features. Today, the main languages spoken in are English, Shona and Ndebele. Only 3.5%, mainly the White, Indian, coloured (mixed race) and foreign-born minorities, consider English their native language. The vast majority of English speakers are Black Zimbabweans, who are bilingual or even trilingual with Bantu languages such as Shona language, Shona (75%), Ndebele (18%) and the other minority languages, and thus these speakers have an outsize role in influencing the direction of Zimbabwean English, despite traditional native speakers maintaining an important influence. Much like Australian English, Australian and South African English, spoken English exists on a continuum from ''broad'', ''general'' to ''cultivated'' ( broad and general accents), based on an individuals background particularly, class and income and historically, ethnicity. Affluent, middle class and private school, highly-educated Zimbabweans speak in a cultivated accent, influenced by older forms of English in southern England, southern British English, the now archaic Rhodesian English and South African English. The cultivated accent is sometimes humorously mocked by other speakers for its nasality and alleged pretentiousness, with speakers derided as the so-called ''nose brigades''. Robert Mugabe, Brendan Taylor, Pommie Mbangwa, David Houghton (cricketer), Dave Houghton and journalists Peter Ndoro and Sophie Chamboko are notable speakers of a cultivated accent. Rural and urban working class speakers, on the other hand are heavily influenced by their native languages (these groups are also mocked as ''SRBs'' whose accents betray their ''strong rural background''. Lower middle class black Zimbabweans are generally the most prominent in the mainstream media, fall in a spectrum between the two accents. Speakers of this ''general'' Zimbabwean accent include Morgan Tsvangirai, Evan Mawarire, Simba Makoni and Tatenda Taibu. English is spoken by virtually all in the cities, but less so in rural areas. Today English, the official language, enjoys status dominance and is the language of instruction in education, commerce, the government and the majority of the media. Rhodes University in Grahamstown houses the Dictionary Unit for South African English. The fourth edition of ''A Dictionary of South African English'' was published in 1991, and the second edition of the ''Oxford South African Concise Dictionary'' was published in 2010. The English Academy of Southern Africa, founded in 1961, is dedicated to promoting the effective use of English as a dynamic language in Southern Africa. A few South African English Neologism, coinages are listed below:


Literature

The British diaspora in Africa has a long literary tradition, and has produced a number of notable novelists and poets, including Doris Lessing, Olive Schreiner, Guy Butler (poet), Guy Butler and Roy Campbell (poet), Roy Campbell. A traditional South African storybook is James Percy FitzPatrick, Percy FitzPatrick's ''Jock of the Bushveld'', which describes his journey as a wagon driver with his dog Jock. Other significant African writers of British descent are: Nadine Gordimer, Alan Paton, Peter Godwin (writer), Peter Godwin, Alexandra Fuller and Bryce Courtenay.


Arts

The British diaspora has influenced modern African arts, and has often incorporated other African cultures. Athol Fugard is a significant playwright. Born of an Irish Catholic father and an Afrikaner mother, he has always described himself as an Afrikaner but he wrote in English to reach a larger audience. Sharlto Copley is a significant film actor, producer and director. He starred in the Academy Award, Oscar-nominated science fiction film ''District 9'', which was an international box office hit and received widespread critical acclaim. ''District 9'' drew heavily on metaphoric references to South Africa's apartheid history as well as including many other more direct references to South African and African culture. Although English-speaking, Copley plays an Afrikaner bureaucrat who experiences a similar oppression to that he once imposed on alien refugees. He also starred in the The A-Team (film), film remake of the 1980s television show ''The A-Team''.


Music

Notable African musicians of British descent include: Dave Matthews, who emigrated to the United States, and Johnny Clegg. Wrex Tarr performed the distinctly Rhodesian comedy song "Cocky Robin" based on Fanagalo, Chilapalapa. John Edmond was a popular singer, songwriter, entertainer and storyteller during the Rhodesian Rhodesian Bush War, Bush War. Seether is a post-grunge band founded by South Africans, which now includes Americans.


Education

The British diaspora and their forebears have been extensively involved in the founding and development of numerous educational institutions across Africa.


Universities

There are four universities in South Africa that were established by the British diaspora, which admitted limited numbers of Black people, Black students during apartheid. The South African College was founded in 1829 and later split into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools. The University of Natal merged with the University of Durban-Westville to form the University of KwaZulu-Natal. The University of the Witwatersrand was founded in Kimberley, Northern Cape, Kimberley in 1896 as the Old School of Mines, Kimberley, South African School of Mines and is now based in Johannesburg. Finally, Rhodes University was established in 1904 with an initial grant from the Rhodes House#The Rhodes Trust, Rhodes Trust.


Schools

There are two categories of schools founded by the British diaspora or British missionaries, those originally intended for the education of the children of the British diaspora and those founded for the education of the indigenous population. The first category includes both notable private schools such as St George's College, Harare, St. George's College in Harare, Peterhouse Boys' School in Marondera, the Diocesan College in Cape Town, the The Wykeham Collegiate, Wykeham Collegiate in Pietermaritzburg and St John's College (Johannesburg, South Africa), St John's College in Johannesburg and prestigious state school, government schools such as Maritzburg College in Pietermaritzburg, King Edward VII School (Johannesburg), King Edward VII School in Johannesburg and Prince Edward School in Harare. The second category of schools includes South African institutions such as the Lovedale (South Africa), Lovedale educational institution in the Eastern Cape, which was responsible for the education of many notable Africans including Thabo Mbeki, Chris Hani and Seretse Khama, Tiger Kloof Educational Institute in the North West (South African province), North West province, and St Matthew's High School outside Keiskammahoek in the Eastern Cape. Many of these institutions were adversely impacted by the Bantu Education Act, 1953, Bantu Education Act of 1953, and the Historic Schools Restoration Project championed by former Anglican Church of Southern Africa, Anglican Anglican Archbishop of Cape Town, Archbishop of Cape Town Njongonkulu Ndungane aims to transform under-resourced historically significant schools into sustainable centres of cultural and educational excellence.


Sport

Cricket, rugby union, rugby, tennis, golf, and cycling are generally considered to be the most popular sports among the British diaspora. Cricket in Africa and particularly Zimbabwe has been dominated by the people of British heritage. Up until recently, the majority of Zimbabwean players were from the British diaspora, including: Andy Flower, Heath Streak, Brendan Taylor and Ray Price (cricketer), Ray Price. Cricket in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
also traditionally features the British diaspora, including former national Test cricket, Test captain Graeme Smith and bowler Shaun Pollock. The England cricket team has often included many players of Southern African heritage in their ranks such as brothers Sam Curran and Tom Curran (cricketer), Tom Curran, Gary Ballance and Andrew Strauss. The England cricket team of 2010 that retained the The Ashes, 2010–11 Ashes series in Australia, for example, received significant contributions from South African captain Andrew Strauss, wicketkeeper Matt Prior, batsman Kevin Pietersen, batsman Jonathan Trott and coach Andy Flower. A few examples of the notable contributions of the British diaspora to South African rugby are those made by Kitch Christie, the coach who led the South Africa national rugby union team, Springboks to victory in the 1995 Rugby World Cup, Bobby Skinstad and Percy Montgomery, the Springboks' all-time leader in cap (sport), appearances and points. Members of the British diaspora have also had notable success in African rallying, while former Rhodesia in particular produced several world champion Grand Prix motorcycle racing, motorcycle road racers including Jim Redman and Kork Ballington. Two-time Tour de France winner Chris Froome was born in
Kenya Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya ( sw, Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Eastern Africa. At , Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 47.6 million people in the 2019 census, Kenya is the ...
, and grew up in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
.


Alternative names

The majority of white South Africans and Zimbabweans identify themselves as primarily ''South African'' and ''Zimbabwean'' respectively, regardless of their first language or ancestry. The term ''English-speaking South African'' (ESSA) is sometimes used to distinguish anglophone South Africans from the rest of the population, particularly Afrikaners. Additionally, the inclusive term ''Zimbo'' or ''Anglo-Zimbabweans'' are terms sometimes used by academics to distance themselves, from the Southern Rhodesia, Rhodesian era, though the latter term overlaps with and can cause confusion with the large community of Zimbabweans in the United Kingdom, Britons of Zimbabwean descent.Along with Anglo African these terms are somewhat analogous to those used in other English-speaking countries such as White Anglo Saxon Protestant, English Canadian and Anglo-Celtic Australian Alternative names for the British#Africa, Colloquial terms for the British in Africa which might be considered derogatory include the Afrikaans term ''rooinek'' (literally "red neck", probably from the stereotype that they sunburn relatively easily although unrelated to the American English, American term ''redneck''), the Australian English vocabulary, Australian term ''pommy'','Beberu'in Kenya which means he-goat and the Zulu language, isiZulu term ''Mzungu, mlungu'' which may also be applied to white Africans in general. The term ''Anglo#Africa, Anglo-African'' has been used historically to describe people living in the British Empire in Africa, although it has also been used to Identity (social science), self-identify by people of mixed British and indigenous African ancestry. ''The Anglo-African Who's Who and Biographical Sketch-Book'' published in London in 1905 contains details of prominent British and Afrikaner people in Africa at that time. 'Cape Brit' is another term sometimes used to refer to South Africans of British descent. It refers to the Cape Colony where the immigrants to whom many South Africans can trace their origins from settled during its time as British colony. The term is considered an equivalent of 'Cape Dutch'.


Notable Africans of British descent


Explorers, politicians, civil servants, businesspeople and clergy

*Roy Bennett (politician), Roy Bennett (1957-2018), Zimbabwean politician *Verney Lovett Cameron (1844–1894), explorer *Rob Davies (South African minister), Rob Davies (born 1948), South African Member of Parliament of South Africa, Parliament *Rufane Shaw Donkin (1773–1841), founder of Port Elizabeth *Tim Harris (South African politician), Tim Harris (born c. 1979), Shadow Minister of Finance in South Africa *Emily Hobhouse (1860–1926), welfare campaigner *Trevor Huddleston (1913–1998), Anglican archbishop, anti-apartheid activist and Isitwalandwe Medallist *Leander Starr Jameson (also known as "Doctor Jim", 1853–1917), medical doctor and colleague of Cecil Rhodes *Lucy Lloyd (1834–1914), philologist and explorer *William Lloyd (Archdeacon of Durban), William Lloyd (1802–1881), Anglican clergyman *Harry Johnston (1858–1927), explorer and civil servant *Dick King (1813–1871), transport rider *John Kirk (explorer), John Kirk (1832–1922), leader of Kenya settlers *David Livingstone (1813–1873), medical missionary and explorer *John X. Merriman (1841–1926), last Prime Minister of the Cape Colony *E. D. Morel (1873–1924), British journalist, author and socialist politician *Nicholas Mostyn (born 1957), British judge *Elon Musk (born 1971), Internet and technology entrepreneur and founder of SpaceX and Tesla Motors *Nicky Oppenheimer (born 1945), chairman of De Beers *Mungo Park (explorer), Mungo Park (1771–1806), explorer *Cecil Rhodes (1853–1902), businessman and politician *Guy Scott (born 1944), Vice President of Zambia *Frederick Selous (1851–1917), explorer after whom the Selous Scouts were named *Theophilus Shepstone (1817–1893), Zulu language interpreter and civil servant *Mark Shuttleworth (born 1973), Internet entrepreneur, founder of Thawte and Canonical Ltd., Space tourism, space tourist *Sir Harry Smith, 1st Baronet, Harry Smith (1787–1860), Governor of the Cape Colony and founder of Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal, Ladysmith, which he named after his wife *Ian Smith (1919–2007), Prime Minister of Rhodesia, or Southern Rhodesia, from 1964 to 1979 *Richard Southey (colonial administrator), Richard Southey (1808–1901), Colonial Secretary and Treasurer, Lieutenant-Governor of Griqualand-West *Henry Morton Stanley (1841–1904), colleague of David Livingstone *George Steer (1909–1944), British journalist notable for his coverage of various conflicts during the 1930s and early 1940s *Ted Swales, Edwin Swales, V.C. (1915–1945), pilot killed in World War II *Allan Wilson (army officer), Allan Wilson (1856–1893), leader of the Shangani Patrol, the African equivalent of Custer's Last Stand


Authors, poets, academics and journalists

*Jani Allan (born 1952), journalist *William Boyd (writer), William Boyd (born 1952), writer *Robert Broom (1866–1951), doctor and paleontologist *Guy Butler (poet), Guy Butler ( 1918–2001), author, poet and playwright *Roy Campbell (poet), Roy Campbell (1901–1957), poet *Jack Cope (1913–1991), author *Bryce Courtenay (1933–2012), author *Robyn Curnow (born 1972), journalist *Alex Crawford (born 1963), journalist *Richard Dawkins (born 1941), evolutionary biologist, author of ''The God Delusion'' *John Edmond (born 1936), folk singer *James Percy FitzPatrick, Percy FitzPatrick (1862–1931), transport rider and author *Bruce Fordyce (born 1955), ultra-marathon runner *Athol Fugard (born 1932), author, actor and playwright *Alexandra Fuller (born 1969), author *Peter Godwin (writer), Peter Godwin (born 1957), author and journalist *Nadine Gordimer (born 1923), author, anti-apartheid activist and winner of 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature *A. C. Grayling (born 1949), philosopher and academic *William Hamilton (British Army officer), William Hamilton (1891–1917), poet killed in World War I *Glynn Isaac (1937–1985), palaeoanthropologist *Louis Leakey (1903–1972), palaeoanthropologist *Mary Leakey (1913–1996), palaeoanthropologist *Richard Leakey (born 1944), palaeoanthropologist and conservationist *Doris Lessing (1919-2013), author *David Lewis-Williams (born 1934), archaeologist *Alan Paton (1903–1988), author *David Rattray (1958–2007), historian *Olive Schreiner (1855–1920), author *Wilbur Smith (born 1933), author *Allister Sparks (born 1933), investigative journalist, former editor of ''The Rand Daily Mail'', Nieman Fellow and political commentator *Edward Stourton (journalist), Edward Stourton (born 1957), journalist *Winston Sterzel travel vlogger, documentary maker and businessman *J. R. R. Tolkien (1892–1973), author


Sportspeople, musicians and actors

*Charlene, Princess of Monaco (born 1978), Olympic swimmer *Saffron (singer), Saffron (born Samatha Sprackling), lead singer of Republica *Kork Ballington (born 1951), motorcycle road racer *Rory Byrne (born 1944), engineer and Formula One car designer *Mike Catt (born 1971), rugby player *Kitch Christie (1940–1998), rugby coach who took the South Africa national rugby union team, Springboks to victory in the 1995 Rugby World Cup *Johnny Clegg (also known as "The White Zulu", 1953-2019), musician *Sharlto Copley (born 1973), film actor, producer and director *Kirsty Coventry (born 1983), Olympic swimmer *Kevin Curren (born 1958), tennis player *Andy Flower (born 1968), cricketer, coach of England's national cricket team *Chris Froome (born 1985), cyclist *Richard E. Grant (born 1957), actor, director and screenwriter *Butch James (born 1979), rugby player *Watkin Tudor Jones (born 1974), rapper, music producer, satirist, Die Antwoord lead vocalist *Dave Matthews (born 1967), musician *Alexander McCall Smith (born 1948), author *Mark McNulty (born 1953), golfer *Percy Montgomery (born 1974), rugby player *Gordon Murray (born 1946), Formula One car designer *Steve Nash (born 1974), basketball player *Kevin Pietersen (born 1980), cricketer *Gary Player (born 1935), golfer *Graeme Pollock (born 1944), cricketer *Shaun Pollock (born 1973), cricketer *Nick Price (born 1957), golfer *Ray Price (cricketer), Ray Price (born 1976), cricketer *Matt Prior (born 1982), cricketer *Jim Redman (born 1931), motorcycle road racer *Barry Richards (born 1945), cricketer *Jonty Rhodes (born 1969), cricketer *Rory Sabbatini (born 1976), golfer *Bobby Skinstad (born 1976), rugby player *Heath Streak (born 1974), cricketer *Graeme Smith (born 1981), cricketer *Jordy Smith (born 1988), professional surfer *Winston Sterzel travel vlogger, documentary maker and businessman *Andrew Strauss (born 1977), cricketer *Wrex Tarr (1934–2006), comedian *Brendan Taylor (born 1986), cricketer *Clem Tholet (1948–2004), folk singer *Jonathan Trott (born 1981), cricketer *Hugo Weaving (born 1960), actor *Roger Whittaker (born 1936), musician


References


Further reading

* {{Ethnic groups in South Africa, state=autocollapse British diaspora in Africa, British Empire European diaspora in Africa African people of British descent, Ethnic groups in Kenya Ethnic groups in Namibia Ethnic groups in South Africa Ethnic groups in Zambia Ethnic groups in Zimbabwe