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Bombay Hindi
RegionMumbai
Native speakers
None
Hindustani-based pidgin
  • Bombay Hindi
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
GlottologNone

Bombay Hindi, also known as Bambaiya Hindi/Mumbaiya Hindi,[1] is a Hindustani-based pidgin spoken in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), [1] is a Hindustani-based pidgin spoken in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India.[1][2] Its vocabulary is largely from Hindustani.[1][2] In addition, the predominant substratum influence on Bombay is Marathi, which is the official language and the most widely spoken language of the state of Maharashtra.[3] Bombay Hindi also has elements of Konkani.

General

While many such local dialects have evolved in cosmopolitan cities around the world, Bombay Hindi is widely known throughout India,[citation needed] as a result of its frequent use in Bollywood movies. Initially, this dialect was used to represent crooks and uncouth characters as, to quote film critic Shoma A. Chatterji, "Indian films have the unique quality of different characters speaking different varieties of Hindi according to their social status, their caste, communal identity, education, profession, financial status, etc. [...] The villain's goons, speak in a special vulgarised, Bambaiya Hindi concocted specifically to typify such screen characters in Hindi cinema.".[4] Lately, however, Bambaiya Hindi has become popular and prominent, particular with the success of the Munnabhai movies, in which the lead characters - being members of the Mumbai criminal underworld - speak entirely in this dialect.[5]

Despite this increase in popularity, this dialect has its critics, and is sometimes seen as being disrespectful and demeaning.[6]

Among the more prominent neologisms which originated in Bambaiya Hindi but have spread throughout India are the words bindaas (from Marathi bindhast = without fear, relaxed; this word was incorporated into the Oxford English Dictionary in 2005[7]) and Gandhigiri (coined in the movie Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a combination of Gandhi and -giri, which is similar to the English 'ism' (as in Gandhi-ism), though slightly more informal).

Bollywood has also incorporated many Marathi words in Hindi like thaska, wakda, porgi, navri, navrai, kombdi, mulga/mulgi. Many Hindi songs have some Marathi words added.

Words and expressions of Mumbai Hindi

Mumbai Hindi Transliteration English Standard Hindi Notes
अपुन apun I मैं (maĩ) From Marathi आपण (aapaṇ) meaning an inclusive "we" or "us".
तेरेको tereko you (oblique case) तुझे (tujhe) तुला
मेरेको mereko me (oblique case) मुझे (mujhe) मला
धो डालना dho ḍālnā to beat up पीट देना (pīṭ denā) Used in the context of a physical fight between two people or teams. Lit. to wash up, as in the loser of the fight.
येडे/येडा/येडी yeḍe/ā/ī idiot पागल (pāgal) From Marathi वेडा (wedaa) meaning Idiot.
इधरिच idharic right here इधर ही (idhar hī) इधर ही+च, "च" added from Marathi for

While many such local dialects have evolved in cosmopolitan cities around the world, Bombay Hindi is widely known throughout India,[citation needed] as a result of its frequent use in Bollywood movies. Initially, this dialect was used to represent crooks and uncouth characters as, to quote film critic Shoma A. Chatterji, "Indian films have the unique quality of different characters speaking different varieties of Hindi according to their social status, their caste, communal identity, education, profession, financial status, etc. [...] The villain's goons, speak in a special vulgarised, Bambaiya Hindi concocted specifically to typify such screen characters in Hindi cinema.".[4] Lately, however, Bambaiya Hindi has become popular and prominent, particular with the success of the Munnabhai movies, in which the lead characters - being members of the Mumbai criminal underworld - speak entirely in this dialect.[5]

Despite this increase in popularity, this dialect has its critics, and is sometimes seen as being disrespectful and demeaning.[6]

Among the more prominent neologisms which originated in Bambaiya Hindi but have spread throughout India are the words bindaas (from Marathi bindhast = without fear, relaxed; this word was incorporated into the Oxford English Dictionary in 2005[7]) and Gandhigiri (coined in the movie Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a combination of Gandhi and -giri, which is similar to the English 'ism' (as in Gandhi-ism), though slightly more informal).

Bollywood has also incorporated many Marathi words in Hindi like thaska, wakda, porgi, navri, navrai, kombdi, mulga/

Despite this increase in popularity, this dialect has its critics, and is sometimes seen as being disrespectful and demeaning.[6]

Among the more prominent neologisms which originated in Bambaiya Hindi but have spread throughout India are the words bindaas (from Marathi bindhast = without fear, relaxed; this word was incorporated into the Oxford English Dictionary in 2005[7]) and Gandhigiri (coined in the movie Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a combination of Gandhi and -giri, which is similar to the English 'ism' (as in Gandhi-ism), though slightly more informal).

Bollywood has also incorporated many Marathi words in Hindi like thaska, wakda, porgi, navri, navrai, kombdi, mulga/mulgi. Many Hindi songs have some Marathi words added.

मेरा नया फोन एकदम पानचाट है.

हफ्ता haphtā protection money, bribe रिश्वत (riśvat), घूस (ghūs), रंगदारी(raṅgdārī) Literally means a week, denoting protection money to be paid every week. Can also mean one time bribe.
बिंदास bindaas Relaxed, laid-back निर्भय, निडर बंदा बिंदास है भिडू. (That dude is chill man.)
भन्कस bhankas useless talk/activity बेकार From Marathi भंकस
पेहली फुर्सत में निकल pehli fursat mein nikal get out at first sight तुरंत जाने को कहना

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Dialects of Hindi
  2. ^ a b Shapiro, Michael C.; Schiffman, Harold F. (1981). Language and Society in South Asia. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 209. ISBN 9788120826076.
  3. ^ University of Kerala. Dept. of Linguistics, International journal of Dravidian linguistics, Volume 3, Dept. of Linguistics, Univ. of Kerala., 1974, ... In the case of Bombay Hindi, the predominant substratum structure is that of Marathi, a language which is structurally quite close of Hindi ...
  4. ^ See 'The Language Detail' in Shoma A. Chatterji's paper, The Culturespecific Use of Sound in India Cinema, presented in 1999.
  5. ^ The Hindu newspaper, 11 May 2007. Chronicles of the City. Read online Archived 6 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ DNA, Verbal assault of Bambaiya Hindi, 12 December 2006. Read online.
  7. ^ Indian Express, 10 August 2005, 'Bindaas' finds its way to the Oxford Dictionary. Read online Archived 24 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Mid Day newspaper, 5 May 2005. Diary. Read online.

External links