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Atlantic Canada, also called the Atlantic provinces, a term developed for the convenience of the federal government after
Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador (, ) is the easternmost provinces and territories of Canada, province of Canada, in the country's Atlantic Canada, Atlantic region. It is composed of the island of Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland and the continental ...

Newfoundland
joined Canada in 1949, is the
region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), human impact characteristics ( human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment ( environmental geography). Geographic ...
of Eastern Canada comprising the four provinces located on the
Atlantic coast
Atlantic coast
, excluding
Quebec ) , image_map = Quebec in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = Quebec French, French , capital = Quebec City , CapCoord = , l ...
: the three provinces of
The Maritimes The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces, is a region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), human impact characteristics ( human geography), and the interaction of h ...
New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , capital = Fredericton , largest_city = Moncton , largest_metro = ...
,
Nova Scotia ) , image_map = Nova Scotia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English (''de facto'') , RegionalLang = French , capital = Hali ...
, and
Prince Edward Island (''The small protected by the great'') , image_map = Prince Edward Island in Canada (special marker) 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English (''de facto In law an ...
– and the easternmost province of
Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador (, ) is the easternmost province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and adminis ...
. The population of the four Atlantic provinces in 2016 was about 2,300,000 on half a million km2. The provinces combined had an approximate GDP of $121.888 billion in 2011.


History

Historical map showing parts of the Atlantic Canada The first premier of Newfoundland,
Joey Smallwood Joseph Roberts "Joey" Smallwood (December 24, 1900 – December 17, 1991) was a Newfoundlander and Canadian politician. He was the main force who brought the Dominion of Newfoundland into the Canadian Confederation in 1949, becoming the first Prem ...
, coined the term "Atlantic Canada" when
Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador (, ) is the easternmost provinces and territories of Canada, province of Canada, in the country's Atlantic Canada, Atlantic region. It is composed of the island of Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland and the continental ...
joined
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocea ...

Canada
in 1949. He believed that it would have been presumptuous for Newfoundland to assume that it could include itself within the existing term "
Maritime Provinces The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces, is a region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), human impact characteristics ( human geography), and the interaction of h ...
," used to describe the cultural similarities shared by
New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , capital = Fredericton , largest_city = Moncton , largest_metro = ...
,
Prince Edward Island (''The small protected by the great'') , image_map = Prince Edward Island in Canada (special marker) 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English (''de facto In law an ...
, and
Nova Scotia ) , image_map = Nova Scotia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English (''de facto'') , RegionalLang = French , capital = Hali ...
. The three Maritime provinces entered
Confederation A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign groups or states united for purposes of common action. Usually created by a treaty A treaty is a formal legally binding written agreement between actors in ...
during the 19th century (New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were founding members of the Dominion of Canada in 1867, and Prince Edward Island joined in 1873).


Geography

Although Quebec has a physical Atlantic coast on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, it is generally not considered an Atlantic Province, instead being classified as part of Central Canada along with Ontario. Atlantic and Central Canada together are also known as Eastern Canada. 2016 census figures for "Census geographic units of Canada#Census metropolitan areas, Metropolitan Areas" (broadest definition, includes entire municipalities and all commuter municipalities) and "Census geographic units of Canada#Population centres, Population Centres" (limited to actual continuously-built-up area) in Atlantic Canada. The list includes communities above 10,000, by Metropolitan Area population, or 5,000 by Population Centre population.


See also

* ''Acadiensis'', scholarly history journal covering Atlantic Canada * Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce * List of regions of Canada * Atlantic Northeast


References


Further reading

* * * *


External links


Atlas of Canada – Atlantic Region

Atlantic Canadian cities and Surrounding areas

Atlantic Canada Portal/Portail du Canada Atlantique

Atlantic Canada a Profitable Place to do Business



East Coast Proud
{{Coord, 47, N, 62, W, source:svwiki_type:landmark, display=title Atlantic Canada, Eastern Canada Regions of Canada Atlantic Ocean, Canada