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The Army of Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
(Serbian: Војска Републике Српске/Vojska Republike Srpske; ВРС/VRS), commonly referred to in English as the Bosnian Serb
Bosnian Serb
Army, was the military of Republika Srpska (RS), the self-proclaimed Serb secessionist republic, a territory within the newly independent Bosnia and Herzegovina (formerly part of Yugoslavia), which it defied, active during the Bosnian War
Bosnian War
(1992–95). It continued to exist as the armed forces of RS, one of two entities making up Bosnia and Herzegovina, until 2006 when it was integrated into the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Contents

1 Personnel 2 Post-war status and abolishment 3 Leadership 4 Military
Military
operations 5 Special
Special
units 6 Organization

6.1 1993 6.2 1995 6.3 2001

7 Equipment

7.1 Tanks and armoured vehicles 7.2 Towed artillery 7.3 Self-propelled artillery 7.4 MLRS 7.5 ATGM 7.6 Antitank guns 7.7 Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns (SPAAG) 7.8 MANPADs and SAMs 7.9 Infantry weapons

8 Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
Air Force 9 References 10 Books

Personnel[edit]

Uniform of VRS

The Army of the Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
(VRS) was founded on 12 May 1992 from the remnants of the Yugoslav People's Army
Yugoslav People's Army
(JNA) of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
from which Bosnia and Herzegovina had seceded the same year. When the Bosnian War
Bosnian War
erupted, the JNA formally discharged 80,000 Bosnian Serb
Bosnian Serb
troops. These troops, who were allowed to keep their heavy weapons, formed the backbone of the newly formed Army of the Republika Srpska.[1] Aside from being made up almost entirely of Serb officers and recruits from Bosnia and Herzegovina, the VRS also included ca. 4,000 foreign Orthodox Christian volunteers. 1,000-1,500 of these came from Russia, and Bulgaria,[2] with 700 volunteers originating from Russia specifically.[3] 100 Greeks
Greeks
also volunteered to fight on the side of the Bosnian Serbs, forming the Greek Volunteer Guard which allegedly participated in the Srebrenica massacre.[4] Post-war status and abolishment[edit] After the war, the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
had two armies, that of VRS and the Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AFBiH). AFBiH was itself composed out of two elements, the ARBiH
ARBiH
and HVO. The two armies functioned without a common command, on the principle of "non-intervention in the affairs of the other". Bisera Turković noted that it was 'therefore questionable whether in say a foreign attack on Sarajevo [...the VRS] would defend this capital city'. The existence of the two separate armies was one of the factors impeding civil-military relations development.[5] The VRS conducted demining.[6] In 2003 the army began to integrate into the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 2005 a fully integrated unit of Serbs, Bosniaks, and Croats was deployed to augment the US-led coalition forces in Iraq.[7] On 6 June 2006, it was fully integrated into the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
controlled by the Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[8][9] Leadership[edit] Main article: General Staff of the Army of Republika Srpska The supreme commander of the VRS was General Ratko Mladić,[10] now indicted at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) for genocide, as are other high-ranking Serb officers. Mladić was arrested in Serbia on 26 May 2011. Military
Military
operations[edit]

Operation Corridor 92
Operation Corridor 92
(24 June–6 October 1992) against Croatian forces; victory Operation Vrbas '92
Operation Vrbas '92
(June 1992–29 October 1992) against ARBiH
ARBiH
and HVO; victory Operation Spider
Operation Spider
(December 1994) against ARBiH; victory Battle of Orašje
Battle of Orašje
(5 May–10 June 1995) against Croatian forces; defeat

Special
Special
units[edit]

Panthers Guard Special
Special
Brigade (Специјална бригада Гарда Пантери), East-Bosnian Corps Wolves from the Drina, or Drina Wolves (Вукови са Дрине), Drina Corps Special
Special
Unit "MANDO" (Специјална Јединица "МАНДО"), East-Bosnian Corps Special
Special
Unit "OSMACI" (Специјална Јединица "ОСМАЦИ"), Drina Corps Serb Guard Ilidža (Српска Гарда Илиџа), Sarajevo-Romanija Corps White Wolves (Бели Вукови)

Organization[edit]

M-77 Oganj
M-77 Oganj
MLRs of VRS

M-84
M-84
main battle tank of VRS

ZiS-3

ZSU-57-2

M-46

D-30

T-34

1993[edit]

1st Krajina Corps – Banja Luka 2nd Krajina Corps – Drvar 3rd Corps – Bijeljina East Bosnia Corps – Han Pijesak Herzegovina Corps – Bileća

1995[edit]

1st Krajina Corps – Banja Luka 2nd Krajina Corps – Drvar East Bosnia Corps – Bijeljina Sarajevo-Romanija Corps – Pale Drina Corps – Han Pijesak Herzegovina Corps – Bileća

2001[edit]

1st Corps – Banja Luka 3rd Corps – Bijeljina 5th Corps – Sokolac 7th Corps – Bileća

Equipment[edit] Tanks and armoured vehicles[edit]

M-84 T-55 T-34 BVP M-80 OT M-60 BTR-50 BOV

Towed artillery[edit]

M-56 D-30 M-30 M-46 D-20 M-84 M-1[dubious – discuss] ZiS-3

Self-propelled artillery[edit]

2S1 Gvozdika

MLRS[edit]

M-63 Plamen M-77 Oganj M-87 Orkan

ATGM[edit]

AT-3 "Sagger" and AT-5 "Konkurs"

Antitank guns[edit]

T-12

Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns (SPAAG)[edit]

ZSU-57-2 M53/59 Praga BOV-3 ZU-23-2

MANPADs and SAMs[edit]

SA-7 SA-18 SA-6 SA-9

Infantry weapons[edit] Pistols

Zastava M88 Zastava M57 CZ-99

Assault Rifles

Zastava M70 Zastava M80 Zastava M90

Battle Rifles

Zastava M77B1

Sub Machineguns

Zastava M85 Zastava M92 Heckler & Koch MP5

Machineguns

Zastava M77 Zastava M72 Zastava M84 Zastava M87

Sniper Rifles

Zastava M76 Zastava M91

Anti-Tank Weapons

M79 Rocket Launcher M80 Zolja

Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
Air Force[edit] Main article: Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
Air Force Formerly known as Ratno Vazduhoplovstva i Protiv Vazdušna Odbrana Vojske Republike Srpske or RV i PVO RS. Beginning on 1 June 2004, the Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
Air Force was officially called, Prvi Puk Vazduhoplovstva i Protiv Vazdušna Odbrana Vojske Republike Srpske, also known as 1st Aviation Regiment and Air Defence Force of the Republic of Srpska's Army. References[edit]

^ John Kifner (27 January 1994). "Yugoslav Army Reported Fighting In Bosnia to Help Serbian Forces". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ Innes 2006, p. 157 ^ Thomas 2006, p. 13 ^ Helena Smith (5 January 2003). "Greece faces shame of role in Serb massacre". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ Philipp H. Fluri; Gustav E. Gustenau; Plamen I. Pantev (27 December 2005). The Evolution of Civil- Military
Military
Relations in South East Europe: Continuing Democratic Reform and Adapting to the Needs of Fighting Terrorism. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-3-7908-1656-3.  ^ Landmine Monitor Report 2002: Toward a Mine-free World. Human Rights Watch. 2002. pp. 121–. ISBN 978-1-56432-277-7.  ^ Nedim Dervisbegovic (2005-06-02). "Bosnia's first unified army platoon deployed to Iraq". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-26.  ^ Gaub, Florence (2011). Military
Military
Integration after Civil Wars: Multiethnic Armies, Identity and Post Conflict Reconstruction. Canada: Routledge. ISBN 9780203841051. Retrieved 31 March 2016.  ^ Ramet 2010, p. 324. ^ "THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA – Case No. IT-95-5/18-I". UN – ICTY. 2007. Archived from the original on 19 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-26. On 12 May 1992, Ratko MLADIC was appointed Commander of the Main Staff of the VRS, a position he held until at least 22 December 1996. On 24 June 1994, Ratko MLADIC was promoted to the rank of General Colonel. 

Books[edit]

Innes, Michael A. (2006). Bosnian Security after Dayton: New Perspectives. Routledge. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  Ramet, Sabrina P. (2010). Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  Thomas, Nigel (2006). The Yugoslav Wars (2): Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia 1992–2001. Osprey Publishing. Retrieved 4

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