Android TV is a smart TV operating system
based on Android
and developed by Google
for television set
s, digital media player
s, set-top box
es, and soundbar
s. A successor to Google TV
, it features a user interface designed around content discovery and voice search
, content aggregation from various media apps and services, and integration with other recent Google technologies such as Assistant
, and Knowledge Graph
The platform was first unveiled in June 2014, and was first made available on the Nexus Player
that November. The platform has been adopted as smart TV middleware
by companies such as Sony
, while Android TV products have also been adopted as set-top boxes by a number of IPTV
A special edition called Android TV Operator Tier is provided to service operators that implement Android TV on the device they provide to their subscribers to access media content. In this edition, the operator can customize the home screen and services on the device.
Android TV was first announced at Google I/O
in June 2014, as a successor to the commercially unsuccessful Google TV
. ''The Verge'' characterized it as being more in line with other digital media player platforms, but leveraging Google's Knowledge Graph
compatibility; a larger emphasis on search; closer ties to the Android
ecosystem (including Google Play Store
and integration with other Android families such as Android Wear
); and native support for video game
s, Bluetooth gamepad
s, and the Google Play Games
Some attendees received the platform's development kit, the ADT-1; ''The Information
'' reported that the ADT-1 was based on a scrapped "Nexus TV" launch device that was being developed internally by Google. Google unveiled the first Android TV device, the Nexus Player
developed by Asus
, at a hardware event in October 2014.
The ADT-2 development kit device was released before the release of Android TV 9.0.
Android TV 10 was released on December 10, 2019, together with the ADT-3 development kit. Android TV 11 was released for the ADT-3 on September 22, 2020, while rollouts were planned for original equipment manufacturer
partners in subsequent months.
The Android TV platform is an adaptation of the Android OS for set-top boxes and as integrated software on smart TV
hardware. Its home screen uses a vertically-scrolling, row-based interface, including a "content discovery" area populated by suggested content, followed by "Watch Now" rows that surface media content from installed apps. Android TV supports voice input for commands
and universal search across multiple services; selected devices also support Google Assistant
. All Android TV devices support Google Cast
, allowing media to be played on them from supported apps on other devices in an identical manner to Chromecast. Android TV supports software from the Play Store, including media apps and games (although not all Google Play apps are compatible with Android TV). Some Android TV devices, such as the Nvidia Shield
and Razer Forge TV, are also marketed as microconsole
s and bundled with a Bluetooth wireless gamepad.
Google TV interface
A modified Android TV user interface, branded "Google TV" (unrelated to the company's discontinued smart TV platform of the same name), debuted on the Chromecast with Google TV
streaming device, which was released on September 30, 2020. The Google TV interface emphasizes content recommendations and discovery across different services and installed apps, compared to the stock Android TV interface that is more focused on navigating between individual installed apps. Google TV is compatible with over 6,500 apps built for Android TV. At launch, over 30 streaming services were integrated with Google TV for use in its content aggregation features, which has since expanded to the following:
(formerly CBS All Access)
The Google TV interface will be replacing the stock Android TV interface by the end of 2022, starting with set-top boxes, dongles, and smart TVs in 2021. The debut of Google TV coincided with the re-branding of Google's Play Movies & TV
Android app to Google TV.
List of devices
Digital media players
*Nvidia Shield TV
*Razer Forge TV
*Xiaomi Mi Box
, Mi Box S, and Mi TV Stick
Xstream Box (India)
*Chromecast with Google TV
During Google I/O 2014, Google announced that Sony
, and TP Vision
would release smart TV
s with Android TV integrated in 2015. It was noted that support for handling TV-specific functions, such as input switching and tuning, were natively integrated into the Android platform.
Sony unveiled a range of Bravia
smart TVs running Android TV at CES 2015. Sharp released two TV models on June 10, 2015. Philips announced that 80% of their 2015 TVs will run Android TV,
the first two models of which were released in June 2015.
Google announced other television hardware partners in January 2016, including Arcelik
, Bang & Olufsen
, TCL Corporation
, and Vestel
Several television providers have released IPTV
services using Android TV-based hardware as opposed to a proprietary set-top box, including LG UPlus
's U+ tvG Woofer and U+ tvG 4K UHD, French ISP Free
's Freebox Mini 4K, and Bouygues Telecom
's BBox Miami. Dish Network
released an Android TV device in 2017 known as the AirTV Player, marketed as a companion to its Sling TV
service, and supporting an optional adapter for attaching an antenna
to receive over-the-air television
In 2020, AT&T
launched AT&T TV
as its new flagship pay television service, which is based on an Android TV set-top box and the infrastructure of its OTT service DirecTV Now.
added Android TV support to its MediaFirst
IPTV platform, which is used as the basis for Canadian services such as Telus
Pik TV, and SaskTel
is currently selling a TV tuner and media streaming device running Android TV.
* List of smart TV platforms and middleware software
Category:Android (operating system)