The Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization
High Readiness Force (Land) Headquarters ready for deployment worldwide.
The ARRC was created on 2 October 1992 in Bielefeld
based on the former I (British) Corps
(I (BR) Corps). It was originally created as the rapid reaction corps sized land force of the Reaction Forces Concept that emerged after the end of the Cold War
, with a mission to redeploy and reinforce within Allied Command Europe (ACE) and to conduct Petersberg missions
out of NATO territory. The first commander, appointed in 1992 was General Sir Jeremy Mackenzie
From 1994 the ARRC was based in the Rheindahlen Military Complex
. It commanded the Land Forces of NATO's first ever deployment as part of the Implementation Force
operation in Bosnia
in 1995/6 and was again deployed as the headquarters commanding Land Forces during the Kosovo War
In 1997 assigned forces included the 7th Panzer Division
; 2nd Greek Mechanised Division; 1st Turkish Mechanised Division (9th Armoured and 28th Mechanised Brigades, plus a third brigade, as assigned); 1st Armored Division
; plus other formations, including the 1st and 3rd Divisions, British Army.
Since 2002 however the headquarters has been re-roled (with five other corps HQs of other NATO nations) as a High Readiness Force (Land) HQ (HRF(L)) with a broader mission. The formation HQ is under Operational Command of Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
(SACEUR). The ARRC has a national Force Pool of Combat, Combat Support and Combat Service Support units with which to train and execute its mission. However, in reality COMARRC commands no forces until he receives an Activation Order from SACEUR. On receipt of ACTORD, forces from troop contributing nations, generated through the NATO Force Generation process are passed into his Operational Command for the duration of the operational deployment.
ARRC took command of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan
on 4 May 2006 and then relocated from Rheindahlen to Imjin Barracks
, outside Gloucester
in England, in 2010 before deploying to support the ISAF
Joint Command Headquarters in Afghanistan in 2011.
ARRC is also regionally aligned with the European region as part of defence engagement.
In September 2015 the structure of HQ ARRC was as follows:
* Commander (UK),
* Deputy Commander (Italy),
* Chief of Staff (UK),
**Engineers and Civil Military Integration (UK),
**Training and Security Force Assistance (UK),
**Joint Fires and Influence Branch (UK),
**Operations Division (USA),
**Personnel and Logistics (UK),
**Command Information Systems (UK),
**ARRC Enabling Command (Spain).
The deployable headquarters infrastructure and communications for HQ ARRC is provided by the 1st Signal Brigade
under the Army 2020
In October 2019, the Italian Division "Acqui"
, the Danish Division
, the 1st Canadian Division
, the 3rd (United Kingdom) Division
, and the U.S. 4th Infantry Division
were assigned to form part of the ARRC if the corps were to be deployed.
Troop contributing countries
As of 1 September 2017, the ARRC is composed of service members from 23 NATO troop contributing countries:
*United Kingdom (HQ ARRC's framework country)
*United States of America
Recent commanders have included:
*1992–1994: Lieutenant General Jeremy Mackenzie
*1994–1997: Lieutenant General Michael Walker
*1997–2000: Lieutenant General Mike Jackson
*2000–2002: Lieutenant General Christopher Drewry
*2002–2005: Lieutenant General Richard Dannatt
*2005–2007: Lieutenant General David Richards
*2007–2011: Lieutenant General Richard Shirreff
*2011–2013: Lieutenant General James Bucknall
*2013–2016: Lieutenant General Timothy Evans
*2016–2019: Lieutenant General Tim Radford
*2019–present: Lieutenant General Sir Edward Smyth-Osbourne
External linksOfficial HQ ARRC SiteHQ ARRC British Army website
Category:British field corps
Category:Military units and formations of NATO
Category:Military units and formations established in 1992