HistoryThe village was first settled ''circa'' 1807 and was incorporated in 1881. The village was previously called "Alfred Centre". The following are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Alfred Village Historic District, Alumni Hall (Alfred, New York), Alumni Hall, Fireman's Hall (Alfred, New York), Fireman's Hall, Allen Steinheim Museum and the Terra Cotta Building (Alfred, New York), Terra Cotta Building.
GeographyAlfred is approximately located at 42.3° north latitude, 77.8° west longitude. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of , all land. A small stream, Canacadea Creek, flows through the center of the village, then to the Canisteo River, part of the Susquehanna River watershed. The topography is steep hill country, part of the Allegheny Plateau, a physiographic region that is part of the Appalachian Mountains.
DemographicsAs of the census of 2000, there were 3,954 people, 530 households, and 169 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,352.5 people per square mile (1,293.8/km). There were 576 housing units at an average density of 488.4 per square mile (188.5/km). The racial makeup of the village was 90.21% White (U.S. Census), White, 4.40% African American (U.S. Census), Black or Race (United States Census), African American, 0.33% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 2.71% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 1.21% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 2.73% of the population. There were 530 households, out of which 12.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.0% were Marriage, married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 68.1% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.73. In the village, the population was spread out, with 3.0% under the age of 18, 83.1% from 18 to 24, 5.9% from 25 to 44, 4.6% from 45 to 64, and 3.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 20 years. For every 100 females, there were 144.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 147.2 males. The median income for a household in the village was $21,313, and the median income for a family was $70,694. Males had a median income of $15,750 versus $39,375 for females. The per capita income for the village was $8,224. About 2.0% of families and 37.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.