Aleksandar Vučić (Serbian Cyrillic: Александар Вучић,
pronounced [aleksǎːndar ʋǔtʃitɕ], born 5 March 1970) is a
Serbian politician who has been the
President of Serbia
President of Serbia since 31 May
2017. He is also the chairman of the
Serbian Progressive Party
Serbian Progressive Party (SNS).
Before his tenure as president Vučić served as Prime Minister of
Serbia from 2014 until 2017. Furthermore, Vučić served as Minister
of Information from 1998 to 2000 and later as Minister of Defence from
2012 to 2013, as well as First Deputy Prime Minister from 2012 to
In April 2017, Vučić was elected
President of Serbia
President of Serbia with 55% of the
vote in the first round, thus avoiding a second round. He formally
assumed office on 31 May 2017, succeeding Tomislav Nikolić. His
ceremonial inauguration ceremony was held on 23 June 2017.
1 Early life and education
2 Political career
2.1 Minister of Information (1998–2000)
2.2 Radical Party to Progressive Party
2.3 Minister of Defence and First Deputy Prime Minister (2012–2014)
2.4 Prime Minister (2014–2017)
2.4.1 2014 parliamentary election
2.4.2 2016 parliamentary election
2.5 2017 presidential election
2.6 President (2017–present)
3.1 Anti-corruption and organized crime
3.3 EU and Immigration policy
3.4 EU membership and Kosovo
3.5 Relations with Croatia
4.1 Greater Serbia
4.2 Srebrenica massacre
4.3 Ratko Mladić
4.4 Slavko Ćuruvija
4.5 Accusations of media manipulation and censorship
5 Personal life
6.1 Honorary doctorates
8.1 Other sources
9 External links
Early life and education
Aleksandar Vučić was born in Belgrade, to Anđelko and Angelina
Vučić (née Milovanov). His paternal ancestors hailed from
Čipuljić, near Bugojno, in central Bosnia. They were expelled by the
World War II
World War II and settled near
Belgrade, where his father was born. Vučić's paternal grandfather
Anđelko, and tens of other close relatives were killed by the
His mother was born in
Bečej in Vojvodina. Both of his parents
were economics graduates. His father worked as an economist, his
mother as a journalist.
Vučić was brought up in New Belgrade, and finished the Branko
Radičević elementary school, and later a gymnasium in Zemun. He
graduated from the University of
Belgrade Faculty of Law. He learned
English in Brighton, England, and worked as a merchant in
some time. After returning to Yugoslavia, he worked as a journalist in
Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina. There, he interviewed politician Radovan
Karadžić and once played chess with general Ratko Mladić. As a
youngster, Vučić was a fan of the Red Star football club, often
attending Red Star's matches, including the one played between
Dinamo Zagreb and Red Star on 13 May 1990, which turned into a huge
riot. The homes of his relatives were destroyed in the Croatian War
Vučić joined the
Serbian Radical Party
Serbian Radical Party (SRS) in 1993, far right
party whose core ideology is based on
Serbian nationalism and the goal
of creating a Greater Serbia., and was elected to the National
Assembly following the 1993 parliamentary election. Two years later,
at age 24, Vučić became secretary-general of the SRS. After his
party won the local elections in
Zemun in 1996, he became the director
of Pinki Hall. Which was his first employment.
Minister of Information (1998–2000)
In March 1998, Vučić was appointed Minister of Information in the
government of Mirko Marjanović. Following rising resentment
against Milošević, Vučić introduced fines for journalists who
criticized the government and banned foreign TV networks. He
recalled in 2014 that he was wrong and had changed, stating "I was not
ashamed to confess all my political mistakes".
During this period, Serbian media was accused for broadcasting Serbian
nationalist propaganda, which demonised ethnic minorities and
legitimised Serb atrocities against them. On 23 April 1999, during
NATO bombed the RTS headquarters in downtown Belgrade,
killing 16 people.
NATO Headquarters justified the bombing with
two arguments; firstly, that it was necessary "to disrupt and degrade
the command, control and communications network" of the Yugoslav Armed
Forces, and secondly, that the RTS headquarters was a dual-use object
which "was making an important contribution to the propaganda war
which orchestrated the campaign against the population of Kosovo".
Radical Party to Progressive Party
Tomislav Nikolić, deputy leader of the Radical Party and de facto
interim leader due to absence of Vojislav Šešelj, resigned on 6
September 2008 because of disagreement with Šešelj over the party's
support for Serbia's EU membership. With some other well-known Radical
Party he members formed a new parliamentary club called "Napred
Srbijo!" (Forward Serbia!). On 12 September 2008 Nikolić and his
group were officially ejected from the Radical Party on the session of
SRS leadership. Vučić, as secretary-general was called to attend
this session, but he did not appear.
Tomislav Nikolić announced he
would form his own party and called Vučić to join. Vučić, one of
the most popular figures among SRS supporters, resigned from Radical
Party on 14 September 2008. The next day, Vučić announced his
temporary withdrawal from politics.
Aleksandar Vučić and U.S. Secretary of Defense
Leon Panetta in
On 6 October 2008 Vučić confirmed in a TV interview that he was to
join the newly formed Nikolić's
Serbian Progressive Party
Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) and
that he would be the Deputy President of the party. He then seemed to
change his positions. In 2010 he made statements such as a "horrible
crime was committed in Srebrenica", saying he felt "ashamed" of the
Serbs who did it. "I do not hide that I have changed... I am proud of
that," he told AFP in an interview in 2012. "I was wrong, I thought I
was doing the best for my country, but I saw the results and we
failed, We need to admit that."
Nikolić stepped down as party leader on 24 May 2012 following his
election as President of Serbia. Vučić assumed leadership until the
next party congress is held to elect a new leader. On 29 September
2012 Vučić was elected as party leader, with Jorgovanka Tabaković
as his deputy.
Minister of Defence and First Deputy Prime Minister
Vučić briefly served as Minister of Defence and First Deputy Prime
Minister from July 2012 to August 2013, when he stepped down from his
position of Defence Minister in a cabinet reshuffle. Although the
Ivica Dačić Deba, held formal power as
head-of-government, many analysts thought that Vučić had the most
influence in government as head of the largest party in the governing
coalition and parliament.
Prime Minister (2014–2017)
2014 parliamentary election
Main article: Serbian parliamentary election, 2014
As a result of the 2014 parliamentary election, Vučić's Serbian
Progressive Party won 158 out of 250 seats in Parliament and formed a
ruling coalition with the Socialist Party of Serbia. Vučić was
elected Prime Minister of Serbia.
2016 parliamentary election
Main article: Serbian parliamentary election, 2016
At a party conference of his ruling Serbian Progressive Party, Vučić
announced early general elections, citing that: 'He wants to ensure
that the country has stable rule that its current political direction
will continue – including its attempt to secure membership of the
EU.' On March 4, 2016, Serbian President, Tomislav Nikolić,
dissolved the parliament, scheduling early elections for April 24.
The ruling coalition around Vučić's SNS has obtained 48.25% of the
vote. Vučić's ruling SNS has retained majority in the
parliament, although won less seats than in 2014 parliamentary
election. The coalition around SNS has won 131 seats, 98 of which
belong to SNS.
2017 presidential election
Main article: Serbian presidential election, 2017
Vučić announced his candidacy in the presidential election on
February 14, 2017, despite earlier statements that he would not
After initial speculations that the incumbent President, Tomislav
Nikolić, would also run, he backed Vučić and his ruling SNS party.
Vučić won the election in the first round, having obtained 56,01
percent of the vote. The independent candidate,
Saša Janković was
second with 16,63 percent, ahead of satirical politician Luka
Maksimović and former Minister of Foreign Affairs Vuk Jeremić.
Aleksandar Vučić &
U.S. Vice President
U.S. Vice President Michael R. Pence, July
The election result sparked protests around Serbia. Thousands of
protesters accused Vučić of leading the country towards
authoritarianism. Protesters organised the rallies through social
networks and insist they are not linked to any party or politician,
and demand a total overhaul of what they call "corrupt political,
business and media systems that serve an elite led by Mr Vučić".
Vučić maintained that the protests were organized by his political
opponents who expected “the dictator would bring the police into the
However, Vučić was sworn in as
President of Serbia
President of Serbia on 31 May, in
front of Parliament. He promised to continue with reforms and said
Serbia will remain on European path. He also said
Serbia will maintain
military neutrality, but continue to build partnership with both NATO
After becoming President, Vučić disbanded the traditional police
security service responsible for President's protection, and replaced
it with members of the Cobras, military police unit which contrary to
the law, protected him while he served as the Prime Minister from 2014
On 3 September 2017, a Bentley luxury vehicle with three men inside of
it, crashed into the presidential motorcade. President Vučić and
his staff were unharmed and the men were arrested on suspicion of
jeopardizing the president's security. Media close to Vučić
reported it as yet another assassination attempt, while the opposition
leaders claim that it is a "propaganda to portray the former
ultra-nationalist as a victim and to turn attention away from Serbia's
economic and social problems".
Anti-corruption and organized crime
Vučić has pledged to tackle corruption and organized crime in
Serbia.[not in citation given] He also vowed to investigate
controversial privatizations and ties between tycoons and former
government members. Vučić’s anti-corruption drive has
recorded a 71 per cent personal approval rating in a March 2013
opinion poll, though in more than two years it produced no
convictions and only a handful of arrests.
After his election as Prime Minister in 2014, Vučić promoted
austerity based economic policies, whose aim was to reduce Serbia's
budget deficit. Vučić's policy of fiscal consolidation was primarily
aimed at cuts in the public sector. One of the measures was the
reduction of pensions and salaries in the public sector, as well as a
ban on further employment in the public sector. Vučić announced
that his reform based policies have reduced country's deficit, and
contributed to financial stability. However, criticism of Vučić's
economic policy stated that his measures have not overall contributed
to economic recovery, but have instead caused a further decline in
living standard. On February 23, 2015, Vučić's government has
concluded a three-year stand-by arrangement with the
IMF worth €1.2
billion, as a precautionary measure to secure the country's long term
fiscal stability. The
IMF has praised the reforms as has the
EU calling them one of the most successful programmes the IMF
has ever had. The GDP of
Serbia has surpassed the pre crisis of 2008
levels as have the salaries. The economic prospects are good with
GDP growth rising above 3% and the debt to GDP ratio falling below
EU and Immigration policy
During the 2015 - 2016 European migrant crisis, Vučić strongly
aligned himself with the policies of the German Chancellor, Angela
Merkel, and publicly praised German migration policy. Vučić also
Serbia will cooperate with the EU in solving the migrant
stream going from the Middle East to EU member countries through the
Balkan route, and that
Serbia will be ready to take some portion of
the migrants. "
Serbia will receive a certain number of migrants. This
makes us more European than some member states. We don't build
fences," Vučić wrote on Twitter, while criticizing the migrant
policies of some EU member countries.
Vučić also stressed that
Serbia would not become a "parking lot for
migrants" and that while the Serbian government would behave humanely
toward the migrants, their stay in
Serbia was temporary until Western
European countries would be able to take them in.
EU membership and Kosovo
Vučić has been central to negotiations on Serbia’s bid for EU
accession, traveling to
Brussels for talks with the EU’s Foreign
Affairs High Commissioner, Baroness Ashton, as well as to North
Kosovska Mitrovica to discuss the details of a political settlement
Belgrade and Pristina. During his visit to northern
Kosovo, to garner support for the Brussels-brokered deal, he urged
Kosovo Serbs to “leave the past and think about the future”.
In 2017, Vučić accused EU of hypocrisy and double standards over its
very different attitude to separatist crises in
Relations with Croatia
In 2007 Vučić made inflammatory remarks about the Democratic League
of Croats in Vojvodina, calling it a branch of the Croatian Democratic
Union. In 2008, with the establishment of the Serbian Progressive
Party, Vučić said that the goal of a Greater
Serbia taking Croatian
territory up to the proposed
Virovitica-Karlovac-Karlobag line "is
unrealistic and silly". In December 2008 Vučić announced that he
would make a visit to Croatian Serbs, causing a controversy.[citation
needed] The Croatian newspaper
Jutarnji list claimed in a reportage
that none of his family members had been killed during World War II,
upon which he replied that these were "brutal lies and attacks on his
During 2015 and 2016, relations between Croatia and
further affected by to the ongoing migrant crisis, when Croatia
decided to close its border with Serbia. In September 2015, Croatia
barred all cargo traffic from Serbia, due to the migrant influx
Serbia in a move which further eroded the fragile
relations between the two countries. In response to these actions,
Vučić announced that counter measures will be enacted if an
agreement with Croatia is not reached. The dispute was eventually
resolved through the mediation of the EU Commission, yet the relations
between the two neighboring countries remain fragile. On March 31,
2016, Vojislav Seselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party, was
acquitted of War Crime charges in the Hague Tribunal for Former
Yugoslavia. The verdict has caused controversy in Croatia. Vučić
distanced himself from Šešelj and his policy, but stated that the
verdict should not be used as a tool for political pressure on Serbia.
On April 7, 2016 Croatia refused to endorse the
EU Commission opinion
to open Chapter 23, a part of Serbia’s EU accession negotiations,
thus effectively blocking Serbia’ EU integration process. Serbia
accused Croatia of obstructing its EU membership, and Vučić said
that his government was: "Stunned by Croatia's decision not to support
Serbia's European path." Croatia has not agreed for
Serbia to open
negotiations of Chapter 23. On April 14, 2016, the EU Commission
rejected Croatian arguments in its dispute with Serbia. However,
on July 7, 2016, Croatian Foreign Minister
Miro Kovač announced that
five conditions set by Croatia have been incorporated in the common
position of the EU member states for negotiations with
will be the basis on which Serbia's progress in Chapter 23, concerning
the judiciary and fundamental rights, will be assessed. These five
Serbia has to: 1. steer clear of conflicts of
jurisdiction concerning war crimes, 2. cooperate with neighboring
countries in search and identification of missing persons or their
remains, 3. strengthen its investigative, prosecution, and judicial
authorities, 4. strengthen protection of (Croatian) minority, and 5.
fully cooperate with the ICTY.
Vučić and Russian President
Vladimir Putin on a meeting in Moscow.
Vučić has maintained traditional good relations between
Russia, and his government refused to enact sanctions on Russia,
following the crisis in Ukraine and the Annexation of Crimea. Vučić
has repeatedly announced that
Serbia will remain committed to its
European integration, but also maintain historic relations with
Russia. "We have proven our sincere and friendly attitude to
being one of the European countries that refused to impose sanctions
on Russia," Vučić said after meeting with Russian Prime Minister
Dmitry Medvedev. "
Serbia will continue pursuing this policy in the
During Vučić’s mandate,
Serbia has continued to expand its
economic ties with Russia, especially by increasing Serbian exports to
Russia. In early 2016, after a meeting with the Russian Deputy Prime
Minister Dmitry Rogozin, Vučić announced the possibility of Serbia
boosting its military cooperation with
Russia by purchasing Russian
In December 2017, Vučić made an official visit to the Russian
Federation for the first time as the President of Serbia. He
expressed his gratefulness to
Russia for protecting Serbian national
interests, and stated that: "
Serbia will never impose sanctions on the
Russian Federation (in relation to the international sanctions during
the Ukrainian crisis)". During his visit, he focused on
strengthening cooperation in the field of military industry and
Until 2008, Vučić was a disciple of the Greater
which he testified was envisaged as extending to a western border
running along the Virovitica–Karlovac–
In 1995, during the Croatian War of Independence, Vučić said in
Glina (which was at the time controled by the rebelled Serbs) that
'Serbian Krajina' and Glina would never be Croatian, Banovina would
never be returned to Croatia, and that if
Serbian Radical Party
Serbian Radical Party had
won elections, Serbs would have lived in Greater Serbia. In
another speech from early 2000's, Vučić called Karlobag, Ogulin,
Virovitica "Serbian towns", stated that "they [SRS's
crtics] rejoice that
Ustaše (referring to Croats) have occupied
Serbian lands and want to convince us Serbian radicals that it wasn't
Serbian, that we were saying nonsenses. (...) We want what's ours,
Serbian." After split from the
Serbian Radical Party
Serbian Radical Party and creation
of the Serbian Progressive Party, Vučić said he no longer supports
On 20 July 1995, during the Bosnian War, Vučić said in National
Assembly: “for every Serb killed, we will kill 100 Muslims” only a
few days after the Srebrenica massacre, when more than 8000 Muslim
Bosniaks were killed by the
Army of Republika Srpska
Army of Republika Srpska and paramilitary
groups from Serbia. In 2015, he said that his statement
from 1995 was "taken out of context" and "that was not the essence of
Invited by the
Bosnian government to attend the annual Srebrenica
Genocide Memorial, Vučić accepted, travelling to Srebrenica on 11
July 2015 to pay his respects. He was attacked by a mob in the crowd
with stones, bottles and other objects and had to flee the area.
Members of the crowd shouted "Allāhu Akbar" and "Die, Chetnik".
Before splitting away from the Radical Party of Vojislav Šešelj,
Aleksandar Vučić was openly and publicly celebrating and calling for
the protection of Ratko Mladić, a military leader convicted of
committing war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. In 2007,
while Mladić was still at large in Serbia, Vučić was distributing
posters stating "Safe house for general Mladić". During a parliament
session he stated that the Serbian Parliament will always protect and
be a safe house for the general and that any house in
bears the last name of Vučić will protect and shelter Mladić.
In the same year Vučić organized a street protest where the signs
naming the street after the assassinated pro-west Serbian PM were
replaced with the signs effectively renaming the street to Ratko
Mladić Boulevard. This has become an annual event in which
Serbian ultra-right factions place the same signs on top of the
regular signs to celebrate the anniversary of the Zoran Đinđić
It was during Vučić's term as the Minister of Information that
Slavko Ćuruvija, a prominent journalist, was murdered in a
state-sponsored assassination. In 1999, before the
assassination took place, Vučić gave a front page interview to the
tabloid Argument in which he stated "I will have my revenge on Slavko
Ćuruvija for all the lies published in
Dnevni telegraf (Ćuruvija's
paper). In 2014, Vučić apologized to the Ćuruvija family for
having waited so long to bring the perpetrators to justice, and
thanked everyone who was involved in solving the case for their
work. Branka Prpa, Ćuruvija's common-law spouse, said Vučić
participated in the murder and that he is the creator of the practice
of persecution of journalists.
Accusations of media manipulation and censorship
In July 2014, journalists associations were concerned about the
freedom of the media in Serbia, in which Vučić came under
criticism. The German newspaper
Die Tageszeitung reported that
the media in
Serbia are censored and Vučić is responsible for that.
Serbian journalist Jovana Gligorijević also expressed her concerns
and said that, the freedom of speech was indeed threatened because
internet pages were blocked, blogs removed and bloggers arrested" for
which Gligorijević indirectly blamed Vučić.
The situation was exacerbated when the commissioner for media freedom
of the OSCE, Dunja Mijatović, wrote Vučić and made attention with
the suppression of the media. Vučić said that the international
community, foreign ambassadors and the
OSCE would lead a campaign
against him, because
Serbia does not want to impose sanctions against
Russia because of Ukraine crisis, and that the suppression of the
media are nonsense. He also claimed that he had never heard of these
portals, which were blocked and demanded an apology from the OSCE.
Paula Tide, the Vice President of the
OSCE in Serbia, rejected the
apology. The head of the
European Union Delegation to the Republic of
Serbia in Belgrade, Ambassador Michael Davenport, and the US
Ambassador Michael Kirby shared Tide's opinion.
In 2014 he was mocked for his "heroic" action in front of the state
owned media portraying him of saving a boy from a snowstorm in a
village named Feketić.
On 27 July 1997, Vučić married Ksenija Janković, a journalist at
Radio Index and Srpska reč. The couple has two children. The marriage
ended with divorce in 2011.
On 14 December 2013, Vučić married Tamara Đukanović, a diplomat at
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia. On 9 June 2017, a week
after Vučić took the presidential office, his wife gave birth to a
Moscow State Institute of International Relations
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aleksandar Vučić.
Aleksandar Vučić profile at the Council of Europe website
Minister of Information
Biserka Matić Spasojević
Minister of Defence
First Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia
Prime Minister of Serbia
President of Serbia
Party political offices
Leader of the Serbian Progressive Party
Cabinet of Ivica Dačić
27 July 2012 – 27 April 2014
Deputy Prime Ministers
Jovan Krkobabić† (Martinović***)
Dinkić* (Krstić, Saša Radulović**, Igor Mirović***)
Alisa Marić* (Udovičić)
Ministers without portfolio
* out of cabinet due to reconstruction, ** resigned, *** acting, †
died in office
First cabinet of Aleksandar Vučić
27 April 2014 – 11 August 2016
Deputy Prime Ministers
Gašić* (Vujović**, Đorđević)
Ministers without portfolio
* resigned, ** acting
Second cabinet of Aleksandar Vučić
11 August 2016 – 29 June 2017
Deputy Prime Ministers
Ministers without portfolio
* resigned on 30 May 2017 to become the President of Serbia, ** acting
Presidents of Serbia
Presidents of the People's Assembly of SR
Presidents of the Presidency of SR
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and
Serbia and Montenegro)
Serbia (since 2006)
Slavica Đukić Dejanović*
Prime Ministers of Serbia
Socialist Republic of Serbia
Socialist Republic of Serbia (1945–1992)