Albany, South Africa (also known as Cape Borders, Cape Frontier, Settler Country, and Western Region) was a district
in the Eastern Cape
, South Africa
was traditionally the administrative capital, cultural centre and largest town of the Albany district.
The area was previously known as the 'Zuurveld' by migrating Boer
farmers in the late 18th century, and it lay near the boundary between the Cape Colony
and the traditional Xhosa
lands to the east. The 1820 Settlers
were instrumental in settling and farming the district and giving it some of its distinctive local culture. The ANC government merged the Albany area with the large Xhosa
township of Alice
as the municipal area of 'Cacadu
General Jacob Glen Cuyler
, the ''Landdrost
'' of the Uitenhage
district, named the area between the Sundays
rivers "Albany" after Albany
in his native New York
. Albany became the destination for the 1820 Settlers
by the Cape Colony
's new British masters. It accepted one of the largest waves of British immigrant settlers to South Africa
, and the development of Albany was a milestone in the formation of the British diaspora
, and Port Alfred
became important villages in Albany following the arrival of the 1820 Settlers.
The district forms part of the rural hinterland beyond Port Elizabeth
The Albany area is of extreme ecological importance because of its unique indigenous vegetation, composed of deep, lush "Albany thickets
". Albany Thicket is an ecoregion
and biodiversity hotspot
of dense woodland, containing many endemic species. Ecologically it forms part of the greater Cape Floristic Region
The coastal belt is a temperate, winter rainfall area, with rains of 500 to 700 mm per annum and above.
Further to the interior, the terrain is mostly dry Karoo
and grasslands composed of large commercial farms and vast expanses. Despite the arid interior, the Sundays
rivers support extensive irrigated farming. They are fed by water from the Orange River
under the Fish River Transfer Scheme.
200px|Rhodes University campus
is still a major cultural centre. It is home to the National Arts Festival and Rhodes University
(named after Cecil Rhodes
). The university is the authority on South African English.
The city, formed by John Graham
, was traditionally the capital of the Albany District Council.
* List of heritage sites in Albany, South Africa
Frontier Country Marketing AssociationFrontier Country tourist informationAlbany on CC Africa SafarisAlbany on Rainbow Tours
Category:Geography of the Eastern Cape