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Al-Qaeda (/ælˈkdə, ˌælkɑːˈdə/; Arabic: القاعدةal-Qāʿidah, IPA: [ælqɑːʕɪdɐ], translation: "The Base", "The Foundation", alternatively spelled al-Qaida and al-Qa'ida) is a transnational extremist Salafist militant organization founded in 1988[38] by Osama bin Laden, Ayman al-Zawahiri, Abdullah Azzam,[39] and several other Arab volunteers during the Soviet–Afghan War.[7]

Al-Qaeda operates as a network of Islamic extremists and Salafist jihadists. The organization has been designated as a terrorist group by the United Nations Security Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the European Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, India, and various other countries (see below). Al-Qaeda has mounted attacks on non-military and military targets in various countries, including the 1998 United States embassy bombings, the September 11 attacks, and the 2002 Bali bombings.

The United States government responded to the September 11 attacks by launching the "War on Terror", which sought to undermine al-Qaeda and its allies. The deaths of key leaders, including that of Osama bin Laden, have led al-Qaeda's operations to shift from top-down organization and planning of attacks, to the planning of attacks which are carried out by a loose network of associated groups and lone-wolf operators. Al-Qaeda characteristically organises attacks which include suicide attacks and the simultaneous bombing of several targets.[40] Al-Qaeda ideologues envision the removal of all foreign influences in Muslim countries.[5][41][42]

Al-Qaeda members believe that a Afghan Civil War (1996–2001)

  • War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
  • In Tajikistan

    In Chechnya

    In Yemen

    In the Maghreb

    In Iraq

    In Pakistan

    In Somalia

    In Syria

    In Egypt

    Designated as a terrorist organisation bySee

    In Tajikistan

    In Chechnya

    In Yemen

    In Yemen