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Western Cape
The Western Cape ( af|Wes-Kaap; xh|iNtshona-Koloni) is a province of South Africa, situated on the south-western coast of the country. It is the fourth largest of the nine provinces with an area of , and the third most populous, with an estimated 7 million inhabitants in 2020. About two-thirds of these inhabitants live in the metropolitan area of Cape Town, which is also the provincial capital. The Western Cape was created in 1994 from part of the former Cape Province. The two largest cities are Cape Town and George. Geography left|400 px|An approximate SW-NE cross section through South Africa with the Cape Peninsula (with [[Table Mountain) on left, and northeastern [[KwaZulu-Natal on the right. Diagrammatic and only roughly to scale. It shows the major geological structures (coloured layers) that dominate the southern and eastern parts of the country, as well as the relationship between the Central Plateau, the Cape Fold Mountains, and the Drakensberg escarpment. The significa ...
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Cape Town
Cape Town (Afrikaans: Kaapstad ; Xhosa: ''iKapa;'') is the second-most populous city in South Africa, after Johannesburg, and also the legislative capital of South Africa. Colloquially named the Mother City, it is the largest city of the Western Cape province and forms part of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality. The Parliament of South Africa is situated in Cape Town. The other two capitals are located in Gauteng (Pretoria the executive capital where the Presidency is based) and in the Free State (Bloemfontein the judicial capital where the Supreme Court of Appeal is located). The city is known for its harbour, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region, and for landmarks such as Table Mountain and Cape Point. Cape Town is home to 49% of the Western Cape's population. The city was named the World Design Capital for 2014 by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design. In 2014, Cape Town was named the best place in the world to visit by both ...
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Provinces Of South Africa
South Africa is divided into nine provinces. On the eve of the 1994 general election, South Africa's former homelands, also known as Bantustans, were reintegrated and the four existing provinces were divided into nine. The twelfth, thirteenth and sixteenth amendments to the Constitution of South Africa changed the borders of seven of the provinces. History The Union of South Africa was established in 1910 by combining four British colonies: the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Transvaal Colony and the Orange River Colony (the latter two were, before the Second Boer War, independent republics known as the South African Republic and the Orange Free State). These colonies became the four original provinces of the Union: Cape Province, Transvaal Province, Natal Province and Orange Free State Province. Segregation of the black population started as early as 1913, with ownership of land by the black majority being restricted to certain areas totalling about 13% of the country. Fr ...
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South African Standard Time
South African Standard Time (SAST) is the time zone used by all of South Africa as well as Eswatini and Lesotho. The zone is two hours ahead of UTC (UTC+02:00) and is the same as Central Africa Time. Daylight saving time is not observed in either time zone. Solar noon in this time zone occurs at 30° E in SAST, effectively making Pietermaritzburg at the correct solar noon point, with Johannesburg and Pretoria slightly west at 28° E and Durban slightly east at 31° E. Thus, most of South Africa's population experience true solar noon at approximately 12:00 daily. The western Northern Cape and Western Cape differ, however. Everywhere on land west of 22°30′  E effectively experiences year-round daylight saving time because of its location in true UTC+01:00 but still being in South African Standard Time. Sunrise and sunset are thus relatively late in Cape Town, compared to the rest of the country. To illustrate, daylight hours for South Africa's western and eas ...
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List Of South African Provinces By Human Development Index
This is a list of the provinces of South Africa by Human Development Index as of 2018. Historical data References {{Economy of South Africa South Africa Human Development Index South African provinces by Human Development Index Human Development Index Category:South African society Human Development Index ...
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South African English
South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north and is perpendicular to the east and west. Etymology The word ''south'' comes from Old English ''sūþ'', from earlier Proto-Germanic ''*sunþaz'' ("south"), possibly related to the same Proto-Indo-European root that the word ''sun'' derived from. Some languages describe south in the same way, from the fact that it is the direction of the sun at noon (in the Northern Hemisphere), like Latin meridies 'noon, south' (from medius 'middle' + dies 'day', cf English meridional), while others describe south as the right-hand side of the rising sun, like Biblical Hebrew תֵּימָן teiman 'south' from יָמִין yamin 'right', Aramaic תַּימנַא taymna from יָמִין yamin 'right' and Syriac ܬܰܝܡܢܳܐ taymna from ܝܰܡܝܺܢܳܐ yamina (hence the name of Yemen, the land to the south/right of the Levant). Navigation By convention, the bottom side of a map is south, although reverse ...
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Xhosa Language
Xhosa ( ) also isiXhosa as an endonym, is a Nguni Bantu language and one of the official languages of South Africa and Zimbabwe.The following languages, namely Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa are the officially recognised languages of Zimbabwe. CONSTITUTION OF ZIMBABWE (final draft)). Xhosa is spoken as a first language by approximately 8.2 million people and by another 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng and Northern Cape. It has perhaps the heaviest functional load of click consonants in a Bantu language (approximately tied with Yeyi), with one count finding that 10% of basic vocabulary items contained a click. Classification Xhosa is part of the branch of Nguni languages known as Zunda languages, which also include Zulu, Southern Ndebele and Northern Ndebele.
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Asian South African
Indian South Africans are South Africans who descend from migrants who arrived from British-ruled India during the late 1800s and early 1900s. The majority live in and around the city of Durban, making it one of the largest "Indian" cities outside India. As a consequence of Apartheid policies, ''Indian'' (synonymous with ''Asian'')https://krieger.jhu.edu/research-opps/wp-content/uploads/sites/86/2015/06/Lee-Jennifer.pdfhttps://www.britannica.com/topic/apartheid#ref210033 is regarded as a race group in South Africa. Racial identity Under the British imperial regimes of the early twentieth century, Indians were accorded the same subordinate status in society as blacks. During ''ideological apartheid'' from 1948 to 1994, Indians were called and often voluntarily accepted, terms that ranged from "Asians" to "Indians", and were legally classified as being members of a single race group. Some citizens believed that these terms were improvements on the negatively defined identity of ...
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Indian South African
Indian South Africans are South Africans who descend from migrants who arrived from British-ruled India during the late 1800s and early 1900s. The majority live in and around the city of Durban, making it one of the largest "Indian" cities outside India. As a consequence of Apartheid policies, ''Indian'' (synonymous with ''Asian'')https://krieger.jhu.edu/research-opps/wp-content/uploads/sites/86/2015/06/Lee-Jennifer.pdfhttps://www.britannica.com/topic/apartheid#ref210033 is regarded as a race group in South Africa. Racial identity Under the British imperial regimes of the early twentieth century, Indians were accorded the same subordinate status in society as blacks. During ''ideological apartheid'' from 1948 to 1994, Indians were called and often voluntarily accepted, terms that ranged from "Asians" to "Indians", and were legally classified as being members of a single race group. Some citizens believed that these terms were improvements on the negatively defined identity of ...
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White South African
White South Africans ( af|Blankes/Europeërs) are South Africans who identify as or are considered to be white. Most White South Africans belong to one of two groups of European descent: the Afrikaans-speaking descendants of the Dutch East India Company's original settlers, known as Afrikaners, and the Anglophone descendants of predominantly British colonists. In 2016, 57.9% were native Afrikaans speakers, 40.2% were native English speakers, and 1.9% spoke another language as their mother tongue, such as Portuguese, Greek, or German. White South Africans are by far the largest population of White Africans. ''White'' was a legally defined racial classification during apartheid. White South Africans differ significantly from other White African groups, because they can trace their ancestry back to the mid 17th century and have developed a separate cultural identity, as in the case of the Afrikaners, who established a distinct language, culture and faith. History The history of Whi ...
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Black People
Black people is a racialized classification of people, usually a political and skin color-based category for specific populations with a mid to dark brown complexion. Not all people considered "black" have dark skin; in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification in the Western world, the term "black" is used to describe persons who are perceived as dark-skinned compared to other populations. It is mostly used for people of Sub-Saharan African descent and the indigenous peoples of Oceania. Indigenous African societies do not use the term ''black'' as a racial identity outside of influences brought by Western cultures. The term "black" may or may not be capitalized. The ''AP Stylebook'' changed its guide to capitalize the "b" in ''black'' in 2020. The ''ASA Style Guide'' says that the "b" should not be capitalized. Different societies apply different criteria regarding who is classified "black", and these social constructs have changed over time. I ...
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Central Karoo District Municipality
The Central Karoo District Municipality (Afrikaans: Sentraal Karoo-distriksmunisipaliteit) is a district municipality located in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Its municipality code is DC5. Geography The Central Karoo District Municipality is divided into three local municipalities, which are described in the following table. Adjacent municipalities *Pixley ka Seme District Municipality, Northern Cape (northeast) *Cacadu District Municipality, Eastern Cape (east) *Garden Route District Municipality (south) *Cape Winelands District Municipality (southwest) *Namakwa District Municipality, Northern Cape (northwest) Demographics The following statistics are from the 2011 Census. Note that due to fuzzing applied to statistics, columns may not sum to exactly the indicated total. Politics The council of the Central Karoo District Municipality consists of thirteen councillors. Six councillors are directly elected by party-list proportional representation, and seven are appo ...
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Garden Route District Municipality
The Garden Route District Municipality ( af|Tuinroete-distriksmunisipaliteit or ''Garden Route Distriksmunisipaliteit''; xh|uMasipala weSithili sase Garden Route; formerly known as the Eden District Municipality) is a district municipality located in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Its municipality code is DC4. Geography The Garden Route District Municipality covers an area of in the southeastern part of the Western Cape, covering the regions known as the Garden Route and the Little Karoo. It stretches to the Breede River mouth and the Langeberg mountains on the west, where it abuts the Overberg District Municipality and (for a short distance) the Cape Winelands District Municipality. To the north the boundary with the Central Karoo District Municipality runs along the Swartberg mountains. In the east the municipality runs up to the Eastern Cape provincial boundary. The district is divided into seven local municipalities, described in the following table. Demographic ...
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Overberg District Municipality
The Overberg District Municipality is a district municipality that governs the Overberg region in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is divided into four local municipalities and includes the major towns of Grabouw, Caledon, Hermanus, Bredasdorp and Swellendam. The municipal area covers and had in 2007 an estimated population of 212,787 people in 60,056 households. Geography The Overberg municipal area covers lying to the south-east of Cape Town. It stretches from the Hottentots-Holland mountains in the west to the Breede River mouth in the east, and as far as the Riviersonderend Mountains in the north. It includes Cape Agulhas, the southernmost point in Africa, and has coastline on both the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean. The largest town is Grabouw (pop. 44,593) in the Elgin Valley adjacent to the Hottentots-Holland on the north-western edge of the district. The municipal headquarters are located at Bredasdorp (pop. 12,749) in the southern part of the district. ...
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Cape Winelands District Municipality
The Cape Winelands District Municipality, formerly the Boland District Municipality, is a district municipality located in the Boland region of the Western Cape province of South Africa. As of 2011, it had a population of 787,490. The largest towns in the municipality are Paarl, Worcester, Stellenbosch and Wellington. Geography The boundaries of this municipality, which covers an area of , coincide roughly with the boundaries of the geographical area that has been known since the early days of the Cape Colony as "The Boland". In Afrikaans Boland means "up land" or "the higher land" or "the land above" (i.e. in contrast to the low coastal areas of the original Dutch settlement at the Cape). However, the term "Boland", as originally used, was a loose concept, with no defined borders (cf. the informal but not meaningless terms "The Sahara" or "The Rocky Mountains"). The Boland is generally mountainous, with range after range of beautiful and isolated sandstone peaks reaching towards 20 ...
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