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Themistoklis Sofoulis
Themistoklis Sofoulis
Themistoklis Sofoulis
or Sophoulis (Greek: Θεμιστοκλής Σοφούλης; 24 November 1860[1] – 24 June 1949)[2] was a prominent centrist Greek politician from Samos Island, who served three times as Prime Minister of Greece, belonging to the centre-left wing of the Liberal Party, which he led for many years.Contents1 Early life 2 Entering Samian politics 3 Entering Greek politics 4 Leader of the Liberal Party 5 Legacy 6 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Sofoulis was born in 1860 in Vathy of Samos, then an autonomous principality under Ottoman suzerainty. His father was Panagiotis Sofoulis, who had fought for the autonomy of the island. Sofoulis studied in the faculty of philosophy of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Athens
and then in Germany, where he specialised in archaeology
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Themistocles (other)
Themistocles
Themistocles
or Themistoklis may refer to several people:Themistocles, an Athenian soldier and statesmanthe Decree of Themistocles, an ancient Greek inscription, purported to have been issued under the guidance of Themistocles Themistocles
Themistocles
Anastasiadis, birth name of Greek journalist Themos Anastasiadis Themistokles Cholevas, a Greek basketball player Themistoklis Diakidis, a Greek high jumper Themistocles
Themistocles
Leftheris, an American pair skater Themistoklis Nikolaidis, birth name of Greek footballer Demis Nikolaidis Themistocles
Themistocles
M
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Hellenic Parliament
Government (154)     Syriza
Syriza
(145)      Independent Greeks
Independent Greeks
(9)Official Opposition (76)     New Democracy (76)Other Opposition (71)<
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Old Style
Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written. There were two calendar changes in Great Britain and its colonies, which may sometimes complicate matters: the first change was to change the start of the year from Lady Day
Lady Day
(25 March) to 1 January; the second was to discard the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
in favour of the Gregorian calendar.[2][3][4] Closely related is the custom of dual dating, where writers gave two consecutive years to reflect differences in the starting date of the year, or to include both the Julian and Gregorian dates. Beginning in 1582, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
replaced the Julian in Roman Catholic countries
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Gregorian Calendar
The Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
is internationally the most widely used civil calendar.[1][2][Note 1] It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October
October
1582. It was a refinement to the Julian calendar[3] involving an approximately 0.002% correction in the length of the calendar year. The motivation for the reform was to stop the drift of the calendar with respect to the equinoxes and solstices—particularly the northern vernal equinox, which helps set the date for Easter. Transition to the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
would restore the holiday to the time of the year in which it was celebrated when introduced by the early Church. The reform was adopted initially by the Catholic countries of Europe
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Kifissia
Kifissia
Kifissia
or Kifisia
Kifisia
(also Kephisia or Cephissia; Greek: Κηφισιά, pronounced [cifiˈsja]) is one of the most expensive northern suburbs of Athens, Greece, mainly accessed via Kifissias Avenue, running all the way from central Athens
Athens
up to Theseos Avenue in the suburb of Nea Erythraia
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Amnesty
Amnesty (from the Greek ἀμνηστία amnestia, "forgetfulness, passing over") is defined as: "A pardon extended by the government to a group or class of persons, usually for a political offense; the act of a sovereign power officially forgiving certain classes of persons who are subject to trial but have not yet been convicted."[1] It includes more than pardon, inasmuch as it obliterates all legal remembrance of the offense.[2] Amnesty is more and more used to express "freedom" and the time when prisoners can go free. Amnesties, which in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
may be granted by the crown or by an act of Parliament, were formerly usual on coronations and similar occasions, but are chiefly exercised towards associations of political criminals, and are sometimes granted absolutely, though more frequently there are certain specified exceptions
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Haidari Concentration Camp
The Haidari concentration camp (Greek: στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης Χαϊδαρίου, stratópedo syngéntrosis Chaidaríou, German: KZ Chaidari) was a concentration camp operated by the German Schutzstaffel at the Athens suburb of Haidari during the Axis occupation of Greece in World War II.[1] Operating from September 1943 until it was shut down in September 1944, it was the largest and most notorious concentration camp in wartime Greece, becoming known as the "Bastille of Greece".[2] It was a transit camp established on the grounds of a Greek Army barracks, and it is estimated that in the one year of its operation, some 21,000 people passed through it, including Jews, Italian POWs and Greek political prisoners. The majority of these was transported north, to Auschwitz in the case of the Jews, or to forced labour in Germany, while others were detained for questioning by the Gestapo.[3] It is estimated that ca
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National Liberation Front (Greece)
The National Liberation Front or EAM (Greek: Εθνικό Απελευθερωτικό Μέτωπο (ΕΑΜ), Ethniko Apeleftherotiko Metopo) was the main movement of the Greek Resistance during the Axis occupation of Greece. Its main driving force was the Communist Party of Greece
Communist Party of Greece
(KKE), but its membership throughout the Occupation period included several other leftist and republican groups. ΕΑΜ became the first true mass social movement in modern Greek history, and even established its own government, the Political Committee of National Liberation, in the areas it had liberated in spring 1944. At the same time, from late 1943 onwards, the political enmity between ΕΑΜ and rival resistance groups from the centre and right evolved into a virtual civil war, which was ended only with the Lebanon
Lebanon
conference in May 1944
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Axis Occupation Of Greece
The occupation of Greece
Greece
by the Axis Powers
Axis Powers
(Greek: Η Κατοχή, I Katochi, meaning "The Occupation") began in April 1941 after Nazi Germany invaded Greece
Greece
to assist its ally, Fascist Italy, which had been at war with Greece
Greece
since October 1940. Following the conquest of Crete, all of Greece
Greece
was occupied by June 1941. The occupation in the mainland lasted until Germany and its ally Bulgaria
Bulgaria
were forced to withdraw under Allied pressure in early October 1944
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Fascism
Fascism
Fascism
(/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism,[1][2] characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce,[3] which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.[4] The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I
World War I
before it spread to other European countries.[4] Opposed to liberalism, Marxism
Marxism
and anarchism, fascism is usually placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum.[5][6][7][4][8][9] Fascists saw World War I
World War I
as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state and technology. The advent of total war and the total mass mobilization of society had broken down the distinction between civilians and combatants
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Communist Party Of Greece
Former partiesCambodiaKPK KPRPIndonesia Korea Malaya and SingaporeMarxist–Leninist Revolutionary FactionPhilippines Saudi Arabia Sarawak Taiwan ThailandEuropeAlbania Armenia AustriaKPÖ PdA KIAzerbaijan Belarus BelgiumPvdA/PTB KP PCBosnia and Herzegovina BulgariaKPB SKBCroatia Cyprus Czech Republic DenmarkDKP KPiD APKEstonia Finland FrancePCF PCOF PRCFGeorgia GermanyKPD DKP MLPDGreeceΚΚΕ ΚΟΕ ΑΚΟΑ AnasintaxiHungary IrelandCPI WPIItalyPC PRC PMLI CPLatvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Moldova Netherlands NorwayNKP MLGRPoland Portugal Romania RussiaKR CPRF CPSJ PDP RCWP-CPSU RMP RULFSan Marino Serbia Slovakia SpainPCE PCC PCPE PCE (M-L)SwedenKP SKPSwitzerland TurkeyDHKP/C EMEP HTKP KDH/L KKP TKP MKP MLKP TDKP TKEP TKEP/L TKIP TKP/MLUkraine
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People's Party (Greece)
The People's Party (Greek: Λαϊκὸν Κόμμα, Laïkòn Kómma) was a conservative and pro-monarchist Greek political party founded by Dimitrios Gounaris, the main political rival of Eleftherios Venizelos and his Liberal Party. The party existed from 1920 until 1958. History[edit] Gounaris founded the party out of the Nationalist Party in October 1920, after his return from exile in Corsica. Gounaris and his parliamentary candidates campaigned for the withdrawal of the Hellenic Army from Asia Minor, which it occupied under the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres in the aftermath of World War I. The party was triumphant in the 1920 Greek general election and formed successive governments under Gounaris, Nikolaos Stratos and Petros Protopapadakis. However, it failed to live up to its promise to bring the troops back home and became more entangled in Asia Minor
Asia Minor
than their Liberal Party predecessors
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Greek Legislative Election, 1933
Parliamentary elections were held in Greece
Greece
on 5 March 1933.[1] The pro-monarchist People's Party emerged as the largest party, winning 118 of the 248 seats in Parliament, ending the predominance of Eleftherios Venizelos' Liberal Party. The results triggered an attempted coup by Venizelist officers
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Greek Language
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά [eliniˈka], elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa] ( listen), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean
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Athens
Athens
Athens
(/ˈæθɪnz/;[3] Greek: Αθήνα, Athína [aˈθina], Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athênai [a.tʰɛ̂ː.nai̯]) is the capital and largest city of Greece
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