Shiloh Baptist Church is located at 1500 9th Street N.W., Washington, D.C.
20001 in the historic Shaw District
. The church was founded in Fredericksburg, VA
Origins in Fredericksburg VA
The Shiloh Baptist Church was organized by its white members in 1804. The church's membership included some free blacks but most were slaves. The black members were subjected to segregated seating. The church was sold to African American members in 1854, and this congregation was led by a white pastor.
[From Strength to Strength: A Journey of Faith 1863-1988, p. 25]
At the start of the Civil War in 1861, Shiloh had about 750 members. The Civil War disrupted the church's life but also brought the possibility of equality for blacks. The Shiloh religious services were discontinued when the Union Army wanted to use the church as a hospital because of a planned attack on Fredericksburg in June 1862.
The Union Army protected and helped the slaves and free blacks escape to Washington D.C. About 400 members of the Shiloh Baptist Church of Fredericksburg arrived in Washington D.C. Once in Washington D.C., they became free civilians in April 1862 when Congress emancipated the slaves of the District of Columbia.
Move to Washington, D.C.
Sunday School directed by J. McCleary Perkins, a white Union soldier, met in shanty on L St NW between 16th and 17th Streets. White and black teachers gave instruction on religion and basic reading and writing.
January 1 - Emancipation Proclamation.
September – Shiloh Baptist Church granted recognition by council. Rev. William Walker elected first pastor.
Membership purchased building on L St NW between 16th and 17th.
Membership numbered 243. Purchased larger building with Fredericksburg funds.
Growth of the church at current location
Shiloh moves to 9th and P Streets. L Street property sold for $60,000. 9th and P and adjacent property purchased in November 1924.
First black church to unite with the Council of Church Women.
, a church neighbor, was a guest speaker for Negro History Week (an annual participation until his death).
addressed the congregation of the church as part of his presidential campaign of 1980
A fire nearly destroyed the entire church building.
President Ronald Reagan
and his wife Nancy
attended a performance of spirituals and gospel music, hosted by Leontyne Price
in December 1983. The choir of Howard University
appeared alongside Price; other performers included Lillias White
, Kevette Cartledge, David Weatherspoon, and the Richard Smallwood Singers.
It was broadcast as the 1983 Christmas Special of ''In Performance at the White House
President Bill Clinton
addressed the congregation as part of Al Gore's 2000 presidential campaign
On April 24, 2011, President Barack Obama
and his family attended the Easter Sunday service at the church, the first presidential visit to the congregation.
Cultural Tourism DC: Shaw Heritage TrailFredericksburg Baptist Church, Fredericksburg, Virginia
Category:Baptist churches in Washington, D.C.
Category:African-American history of Washington, D.C.
Category:Shaw (Washington, D.C.)
Category:1863 establishments in Washington, D.C.