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D-VHS
D- VHS
VHS
is a digital video recording format developed by JVC, in collaboration with Hitachi, Matsushita, and Philips. The "D" in D-VHS originally stood for "Data", but JVC
JVC
renamed the format as "Digital VHS". It uses the same physical cassette format and recording mechanism as S-VHS
S-VHS
(but needs higher-quality and more expensive tapes), and is capable of recording and displaying both standard-definition and high-definition content. The content data format is in MPEG transport stream, the same data format used for most digital television applications
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Magnetic Tape
Magnetic tape
Magnetic tape
is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film. It was developed in Germany
Germany
in 1928, based on magnetic wire recording. Devices that record and play back audio and video using magnetic tape are tape recorders and video tape recorders. A device that stores computer data on magnetic tape is known as a tape drive. Magnetic tape
Magnetic tape
revolutionized broadcast and recording. It allowed radio, which had always been broadcast live, to be recorded for later or repeated airing. It allowed gramophone records to be recorded in multiple parts, which were then mixed and edited with tolerable loss in quality
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NTSC
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,[1] is the analog television system that is used in North America, and until digital conversion was used in most of the Americas
Americas
(except Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and French Guiana); Myanmar; South Korea; Taiwan; Philippines, Japan;[2] and some Pacific island nations and territories (see map). The first NTSC
NTSC
standard was developed in 1941 and had no provision for color. In 1953 a second NTSC
NTSC
standard was adopted, which allowed for color television broadcasting which was compatible with the existing stock of black-and-white receivers
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Copy Control Information
Copy Control Information (or CCI) is a two byte flag included in digital television streams that allows content owners and cable operators to specify how content can be duplicated. Originally defined as part of the 5C copy protection specification devised by DTCP working group back in 1998, it was later defined as part of the FCCs Plug and Play agreement in 2003. The two most used flags used are Copy Freely and Copy Once. Copy Freely is essentially no flag at all, while Copy Once means that a DVR can make one copy, but no more copies can be made. DVR platforms such as TiVo
TiVo
and Windows Media Center
Windows Media Center
are responsible for reading the flag, decrypting the stream if necessary and storing the content in a way that enforces the flag set
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe
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Bitstream
A bitstream (or bit stream), also known as binary sequence, is a sequence of bits. A bytestream is a sequence of bytes. Typically, each byte is a 8-bit quantity (octets), and so the term octet stream is sometimes used interchangeably. An octet may be encoded as a sequence of 8 bits in multiple different ways (see endianness) so there is no unique and direct translation between bytestreams and bitstreams. Bitstreams and bytestreams are used extensively in telecommunications and computing. For example, synchronous bitstreams are carried by SONET, and Transmission Control Protocol
Transmission Control Protocol
transports an asynchronous bytestream.Contents1 Definition of bytestream 2 Examples 3 See also 4 ReferencesDefinition of bytestream[edit] Formally, a bytestream is a certain abstraction, a communication channel down which one entity can send a sequence of bytes to the entity on the other end
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FireWire
IEEE 1394
IEEE 1394
is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer. It was developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s by Apple, which called it FireWire. The 1394 interface is also known by the brands i.LINK (Sony), and Lynx (Texas Instruments). The copper cable it uses in its most common implementation can be up to 4.5 metres (15 ft) long. Power is also carried over this cable, allowing devices with moderate power requirements to operate without a separate power supply
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Digibox
The Digibox
Digibox
is a device marketed by Sky UK
Sky UK
in the UK and Ireland to enable home users to receive digital satellite television broadcasts (satellite receiver) from the Astra satellites at 28.2° east. An Internet
Internet
service is also available through the device, similar in some ways to the American MSN TV. The first Digiboxes shipped to consumers in mid-1998, and the hardware reference design is unchanged since. Compared to other satellite receivers, they are severely restricted.Contents1 Base technical details 2 Digibox
Digibox
remote control 3 Use outside Sky's system 4 Manufacturers and non-common features 5 Standardised design 6 Other Digiboxes 7 Card Pairing 8 Power consumption 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksBase technical details[edit] The Digibox's internal hardware details are not publicly disclosed, however some details are clearly visible on the system
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Transparency (data Compression)
In data compression and psychoacoustics, transparency is the result of lossy data compression accurate enough that the compressed result is perceptually indistinguishable from the uncompressed input. In other words, transparent compression has no or imperceptible compression artifacts. A transparency threshold is a given value at which transparency is reached. It is commonly used to describe compressed data bitrates. For example, the transparency threshold for MP3 to Linear PCM audio is said to be between 175 and 245 kbit/s, at 44.1 kHz, when encoded as VBR MP3 (corresponding to the -V3 and -V0 settings of the highly popular LAME
LAME
MP3 encoder).[1] This means that when an MP3 that was encoded at those bitrates is being played back, it is indistinguishable from the original PCM, and transparent to compression. Transparency, like sound or video quality, is subjective
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RGB Color Model
The RGB color model
RGB color model
is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors. The name of the model comes from the initials of the three additive primary colors, red, green, and blue. The main purpose of the RGB color model
RGB color model
is for the sensing, representation and display of images in electronic systems, such as televisions and computers, though it has also been used in conventional photography. Before the electronic age, the RGB color model already had a solid theory behind it, based in human perception of colors. RGB is a device-dependent color model: different devices detect or reproduce a given RGB value differently, since the color elements (such as phosphors or dyes) and their response to the individual R, G, and B levels vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, or even in the same device over time
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SCART
Status & Aspect Ratio up[c]0–2 V → off +5–8 V → on/16:9 +9.5–12 V → on/4:3Pin 9RGB Green ground (pin 11 ground)Pin 10Clock / Data 2[d] Control bus (AV.link)Pin 11RGB Green up Component Y up[b]Pin 12Reserved / Data 1[d]Pin 13RGB Red ground (pin 15 ground)Pin 14Usually Data signal ground (pins 8, 10 & 12 ground)Pin 15RGB Red up S- Video
Video
C up Component PR up[b]Pin 16Blanking signal up RGB-selection voltage up0–0.4 V
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Component Video
Component video
Component video
is a video signal that has been split into two or more component channels. In popular use, it refers to a type of component analog video (CAV) information that is transmitted or stored as three separate signals. Component video
Component video
can be contrasted with composite video (NTSC, PAL
PAL
or SECAM) in which all the video information is combined into a single line level signal that is used in analog television
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Bitrate
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.[1] The bit rate is quantified using the bits per second unit (symbol: "bit/s"), often in conjunction with an SI prefix
SI prefix
such as "kilo" (1 kbit/s = 1,000 bit/s), "mega" (1  Mbit/s = 1,000 kbit/s), "giga" (1 
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720p
720p
720p
(1280×720 px; also called HD Ready
HD Ready
or standard HD) is a progressive HDTV signal format with 720 horizontal lines and an aspect ratio (AR) of 16:9, normally known as widescreen HDTV (1.78:1). All major HDTV broadcasting standards (such as SMPTE 292M) include a 720p format which has a resolution of 1280×720; however, there are other formats, including HDV
HDV
Playback and AVCHD
AVCHD
for camcorders, which use 720p
720p
images with the standard HDTV resolution
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1080i
1080i
1080i
(also known as Full HD or BT.709) is an abbreviation referring to a combination of frame resolution and scan type, used in high-definition television (HDTV) and high-definition video. The number "1080" refers to the number of horizontal lines on the screen. The "i" is an abbreviation for "interlaced"; this indicates that only the odd lines, then the even lines of each frame (each image called a video field) are drawn alternately, so that only half the number of actual image frames are used to produce video. A related display resolution is 1080p, which also has 1080 lines of resolution; the "p" refers to progressive scan, which indicates that the lines of resolution for each frame are "drawn" in on the screen sequence. The term assumes a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9 (a rectangular TV that is wider than it is tall), so the 1080 lines of vertical resolution implies 1920 columns of horizontal resolution, or 1920 pixels × 1080 lines
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20th Century Fox
Twentieth Century Fox Film
Fox Film
Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox. It is one of the "Big Six" major American film studios and is located in the Century City
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