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Chapel Of Saint Casimir
The Chapel of Saint Casimir
Saint Casimir
is a chapel dedicated to Saint Casimir
Saint Casimir
in Vilnius Cathedral. The chapel was built in 1623–36 after Prince Casimir (1458–1484) was canonized as saint. It was built and decorated in the Baroque style by Italian sculptors and architects commissioned by Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland
King of Poland
and Grand Duke of Lithuania.[1] The centerpiece of the chapel is a faux marble altar which holds the silver sarcophagus with Casimir's remains and the painting Three-Handed St. Casimir.Contents1 Murals 2 Sculptures of rulers 3 Gallery 4 References 5 BibliographyMurals[edit] Main article: Mural paintings at the Chapel of Saint CasimirResurrection of UrsulaThe chapel has two expressive murals by Florentine artist Michelangelo Palloni completed during the restoration work in 1692.[1] The Opening of the Coffin of St
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Designated Landmark
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance. Of over 90,000 places listed on the country's National Register of Historic Places, only some 2,500 are recognized as National Historic Landmarks. A National Historic Landmark District may include contributing properties that are buildings, structures, sites or objects, and it may include non-contributing properties. Contributing properties may or may not also be separately listed.Contents1 Creation of the National Historic Landmark program 2 Criteria 3 Current NHLs 4 Other 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksCreation of the National Historic Landmark program[edit] Prior to 1935, efforts to preserve cultural heritage of national importance were made by piecemeal efforts of the United States Congress
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List Of Royal Saints And Martyrs
This list of royal saints and martyrs enumerates Christian monarchs, other royalty, and nobility who have been beatified or canonized, or who are otherwise venerated as or conventionally given the appellation of "saint" or "martyr". Their names are in English and, where known, in their own language. When the status of a nominee is dubious the whole entry is italicized.Contents1 Monarchs1.1 Saints 1.2 Roman Catholic Beati, Venerabili, and Servants of God2 Other royalty and nobility2.1 Saints 2.2 Roman Catholic Beati, Venerabili, and Servants of God3 Pre-Christian Saints 4 References 5 See alsoMonarchs[edit] This section enumerates Christian sovereigns, as opposed to mere consorts, who are enumerated in "Other royalty and nobility" below. Saints[edit]Abgar V of Edessa, the first Christian monarch in history, holding the Image of EdessaSt. Stephen I, King of HungarySt
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Casimir IV Jagiellon
Casimir IV KG (Polish: Kazimierz IV Andrzej Jagiellończyk [kaˈʑimi̯ɛʒ jaɡi̯ɛlˈlɔɲt͡ʃɨk] ( listen); Lithuanian: Kazimieras Jogailaitis [kaˈziˈmieˈrʲaːs joːˈgaːiˈlʲaiˈtisʲ] ( listen); 30 November 1427 – 7 June 1492[1]) of the Jagiellonian dynasty
Jagiellonian dynasty
was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440 and King of Poland
King of Poland
from 1447, until his death. He was one of the most active Polish rulers, under whom Poland, by defeating the Teutonic Knights
Teutonic Knights
in the Thirteen Years' War recovered Pomerania, and the Jagiellonian dynasty
Jagiellonian dynasty
became one of the leading royal houses in Europe
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Alexander Jagiellon
Alexander I Jagiellon (Polish: Aleksander Jagiellończyk; Lithuanian: Aleksandras Jogailaitis) (5 August 1461 – 19 August 1506) of the House of Jagiellon
House of Jagiellon
was the Grand Duke of Lithuania
Grand Duke of Lithuania
and later also King of Poland.[1] He was the fourth son of Casimir IV Jagiellon. He was elected Grand Duke of Lithuania
Grand Duke of Lithuania
on the death of his father (1492), and King of Poland
King of Poland
on the death of his brother John I Albert
John I Albert
(1501).Contents1 Biography 2 Gallery 3 Ancestors 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit] Alexander was born as son of the King Casimir IV Jagiellon
Casimir IV Jagiellon
of Poland and Elisabeth Habsburg of Hungary, daughter of the King Albert of Hungary
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Sigismund I The Old
Sigismund I of Poland
Poland
(Polish: Zygmunt I Stary, Lithuanian: Žygimantas I Senasis; 1 January 1467 – 1 April 1548), of the Jagiellon dynasty, reigned as King of Poland
King of Poland
and also as the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1506 until 1548. Earlier, Sigismund had been invested as Duke of Silesia. A successful monarch and a great patron of arts, he established Polish suzerainty over Ducal Prussia (East Prussia) and incorporated the duchy of Mazovia into the Polish state, securing the nation's wealth, culture and power. Sigismund I, the fifth son of Casimir IV and Elisabeth of Habsburg, had ruled Głogów, Silesia, since 1499 and became margrave of Lusatia and governor of all Silesia in 1504. In a short time his judicial and administrative reforms transformed those territories into model states. He succeeded his brother Alexander I as grand prince of Lithuania and king of Poland
Poland
in 1506
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Sigismund II Augustus
Sigismund II Augustus
Sigismund II Augustus
(Polish: Zygmunt II August, Ruthenian: Żygimont II Awgust, Lithuanian: Žygimantas II Augustas, German: Sigismund II. August) (1 August 1520 – 7 July 1572) was the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the only son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548. Married three times, the last of the Jagiellons
Jagiellons
remained childless, and through the Union of Lublin introduced a free elective monarchy.Contents1 Royal titles 2 Biography 3 Patronage 4 Ancestry 5 Marriages 6 See also 7 Notes 8 External linksRoyal titles[edit]Royal titles, in Latin: "Sigismundus Augustus Dei gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dux Lithuaniae, nec non-terrarum Cracoviae, Sandomiriae, Siradiae, Lanciciae, Cuiaviae, Kiioviae, Dominus Hereditarium Russiae, Woliniae, Prussiae, Masoviae, Podlachiae, Culmensis, Elbingensis, Pomeraniae, Samogitiae, Livoniae etc
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Władysław IV Vasa
Władysław is a Polish given male name, cognate with Vladislav. Feminine form is Władysława. Alternate, archaic forms are Włodzisław (male) and Włodzisława (female).WładysławPronunciation [vwadɨˈswaf]Gender maleOriginWord/name Old-Slavic nativeMeaning possessor of the glory, fameOther namesRelated names Vladislav, Włodzisław, Volodyslav, Vladyslav, Ladislao, Ŭladzislaŭ, László, LadislavFamous people[edit]As only name Władysław I Herman
Władysław I Herman
(ca
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Józef Ignacy Kraszewski
Józef Ignacy Kraszewski
Józef Ignacy Kraszewski
(28 July 1812 – 19 March 1887) was a Polish writer, publisher, historian, journalist, scholar, painter and author who produced more than 200 novels and 150 novellas, short stories, and art reviews. He is best known for his epic series on the history of Poland, comprising twenty-nine novels in seventy-nine parts. The son of a nobleman, Kraszewski studied at the University of Vilna between 1829 and 1830. He was imprisoned from 1830 to 1832 for participating in a secret patriotic organization. Banished from Congress Poland
Congress Poland
in 1863, he settled in Dresden, where he remained until 1884. Throughout his life he was active in publishing and journalism. He began publishing in 1830, gradually evolving from a romantic to a realist writer. His literary legacy consists of about 600 volumes of prose, poetry, drama, literary criticism and works on history and philosophy
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Vytautas
Vytautas
Vytautas
(c. 1350 – October 27, 1430), also known as Vytautas
Vytautas
the Great (Lithuanian:   Vytautas
Vytautas
Didysis (help·info), Belarusian: Вітаўт Кейстутавіч (Vitaŭt Kiejstutavič), Polish: Witold Kiejstutowicz, Rusyn: Vitovt, Latin: Alexander Vitoldus) from the 15th century
15th century
onwards, was a ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which chiefly encompassed the Lithuanians and Ruthenians. He was also the Prince of Hrodna
Hrodna
(1370–1382), Prince of Lutsk
Lutsk
(1387~1389), and the postulated king of the Hussites.[1] In modern Lithuania, Vytautas
Vytautas
is revered as a national hero and was an important figure in the national rebirth in the 19th century. Vytautas is a popular male given name in Lithuania
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Władysław II Jagiełło
Jogaila
Jogaila
(Lithuanian pronunciation: [joːˈgaːɪˈɫaː] ( listen), later Władysław II Jagiełło
Władysław II Jagiełło
(Polish pronunciation: [vwaˈdɨswaf jaˈɡʲɛwːɔ] ( listen))[nb 1] (c. 1352/1362 – 1 June 1434) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania
Grand Duke of Lithuania
(1377–1434) and then the King of Poland (1386–1434), first alongside his wife Jadwiga until 1399, and then sole King of Poland. He ruled in Lithuania from 1377. Born a pagan, in 1386 he converted to Catholicism and was baptized as Władysław in Kraków, married the young Queen Jadwiga, and was crowned King of Poland
King of Poland
as Władysław II Jagiełło.[1] In 1387 he converted Lithuania to Christianity
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Albert II Of Germany
Albert the Magnanimous KG (10 August 1397 – 27 October 1439) was King of Hungary
King of Hungary
and Croatia
Croatia
from 1437 until his death and member of the House of Habsburg. He was also King of Bohemia, elected King of Germany
Germany
as Albert II, Duke of Luxembourg and, as Albert V, Archduke of Austria
Austria
from 1404.[1]Contents1 Biography 2 Expulsion of the Jews 3 Full title 4 Family4.1 Children 4.2 Ancestors5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksBiography[edit] Albert was born in Vienna
Vienna
as the son of Albert IV, Duke of Austria, and Joanna Sophia of Bavaria. He succeeded to the Duchy of Austria
Austria
at the age of seven on his father's death in 1404
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King Of The Romans
King of the Romans
King of the Romans
(Latin: Rex Romanorum; German: König der Römer) was a title used by Syagrius, then by the German king following his election by the princes from the time of Emperor Henry II (1014–1024) onward. The title was predominantly a claim to become Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
and was dependent upon coronation by the Pope. The title originally referred to any elected king who had not yet been granted the Imperial Regalia
Imperial Regalia
and title of "Emperor" at the hands of the Pope. Later it came to be used solely for the heir apparent to the Imperial throne between his election (during the lifetime of a sitting Emperor) and his succession upon the death of the Emperor. Their actual title varied over time
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Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493), was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death, the first emperor of the House of Habsburg. He was the penultimate emperor to be crowned by the Pope, and the last to be crowned in Rome. Prior to his imperial coronation, he was duke of the Inner Austrian lands of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola from 1424, and also acted as regent over the Duchy of Austria
Duchy of Austria
(as Frederick V) from 1439. He was elected and crowned King of Germany
Germany
(as Frederick IV) in 1440.[1] He was the longest-reigning German monarch when in 1493, after ruling his domains for more than 53 years, he was succeeded by his son Maximilian I. During his reign, Frederick concentrated on re-uniting the Habsburg "hereditary lands" of Austria and took a lesser interest in Imperial affairs
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Vladislaus II Of Bohemia And Hungary
Vladislaus II, also known as Vladislav II,[1][2] Władysław II[3] or Wladislas II[4] (1 March 1456 – 13 March 1516; Czech: Vladislav Jagellonský; Hungarian: II. Ulászló; Polish: Władysław II Jagiellończyk; Croatian: Vladislav II. Jagelović; Slovak: Vladislav II. Jagelovský), was King of Bohemia
King of Bohemia
from 1471 to 1516, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1490 to 1516. As the eldest son of Casimir IV Jagiellon, he was expected to inherit Poland and Lithuania. George of Poděbrady, the Hussite ruler of Bohemia, offered to make Vladislaus his heir in 1468. Poděbrady needed Casimir IV's support against the rebellious Catholic noblemen and their ally, Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary. The Diet of Bohemia elected Vladislaus king after Poděbrady's death, but he could only rule Bohemia proper, because Matthias (whom the Catholic nobles had elected king) occupied Moravia, Silesia
Silesia
and Lusatia
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OCLC
OCLC, currently incorporated as OCLC
OCLC
Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated,[3] is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs".[4] It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC
OCLC
and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the world
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